Influence of pyrolysis gas on volatile yield and co 2 reaction kinetics of the char samples generated in a high-pressure, high-temperature flow reactor

Vijayaragavan Krishnamoorthy, Yaw D. Yeboah, Sarma V. Pisupati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of pyrolysis atmosphere on volatile yield, structural characteristics, and CO 2 reaction kinetics have been examined on chars generated from Pittsburgh No. 8 coal at 6.2 bar pressure and 1100°C in a high-pressure, high-temperature flow reactor (HPHTFR) in Ar, N 2 , 50 (vol. %) CO 2 and N 2 (i.e., CO 2 / N 2 ) atmospheres. The chars were characterized for volatile yield, thermal swelling ratio, surface area, pore size distribution, crystallite structure, defects to graphitic intensity ratio, and char-CO 2 reactivity. Coal pyrolyzed in CO 2 /N 2 showed higher volatile yield (27%) compared to coal pyrolyzed in argon (-16%) and nitrogen (-19%). Except for volatile yield, there was no significant difference in structural properties for chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The difference in volatile yield was found to be due to presence of unconverted tetrahydrofuran (THF) soluble tar/soot. The results also showed that the intrinsic reactivity was highest for char generated in N 2 atmosphere and lowest for char generated in CO 2 /N 2 atmosphere. The kinetic parameters (activation energy and pre-exponential factor) for the char-CO 2 reaction were ascertained using nth order model. The activation energies did not differ significantly among the chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The order of reaction was found to follow: CO 2 /N 2 char ≫ N 2 char - Ar char.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Pyrolysis
Reaction Kinetics
Volatiles
Reaction kinetics
Reactor
Atmosphere
Coal
Activation energy
Gases
Defect structures
Tar
Activation Energy
Reactivity
Soot
Kinetic parameters
Temperature
Pore size
Swelling
Argon
Structural properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The influence of pyrolysis atmosphere on volatile yield, structural characteristics, and CO 2 reaction kinetics have been examined on chars generated from Pittsburgh No. 8 coal at 6.2 bar pressure and 1100°C in a high-pressure, high-temperature flow reactor (HPHTFR) in Ar, N 2 , 50 (vol. {\%}) CO 2 and N 2 (i.e., CO 2 / N 2 ) atmospheres. The chars were characterized for volatile yield, thermal swelling ratio, surface area, pore size distribution, crystallite structure, defects to graphitic intensity ratio, and char-CO 2 reactivity. Coal pyrolyzed in CO 2 /N 2 showed higher volatile yield (27{\%}) compared to coal pyrolyzed in argon (-16{\%}) and nitrogen (-19{\%}). Except for volatile yield, there was no significant difference in structural properties for chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The difference in volatile yield was found to be due to presence of unconverted tetrahydrofuran (THF) soluble tar/soot. The results also showed that the intrinsic reactivity was highest for char generated in N 2 atmosphere and lowest for char generated in CO 2 /N 2 atmosphere. The kinetic parameters (activation energy and pre-exponential factor) for the char-CO 2 reaction were ascertained using nth order model. The activation energies did not differ significantly among the chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The order of reaction was found to follow: CO 2 /N 2 char ≫ N 2 char - Ar char.",
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Influence of pyrolysis gas on volatile yield and co 2 reaction kinetics of the char samples generated in a high-pressure, high-temperature flow reactor . / Krishnamoorthy, Vijayaragavan; Yeboah, Yaw D.; Pisupati, Sarma V.

In: Energies, Vol. 12, No. 1, 107, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Krishnamoorthy, Vijayaragavan

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AU - Pisupati, Sarma V.

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AB - The influence of pyrolysis atmosphere on volatile yield, structural characteristics, and CO 2 reaction kinetics have been examined on chars generated from Pittsburgh No. 8 coal at 6.2 bar pressure and 1100°C in a high-pressure, high-temperature flow reactor (HPHTFR) in Ar, N 2 , 50 (vol. %) CO 2 and N 2 (i.e., CO 2 / N 2 ) atmospheres. The chars were characterized for volatile yield, thermal swelling ratio, surface area, pore size distribution, crystallite structure, defects to graphitic intensity ratio, and char-CO 2 reactivity. Coal pyrolyzed in CO 2 /N 2 showed higher volatile yield (27%) compared to coal pyrolyzed in argon (-16%) and nitrogen (-19%). Except for volatile yield, there was no significant difference in structural properties for chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The difference in volatile yield was found to be due to presence of unconverted tetrahydrofuran (THF) soluble tar/soot. The results also showed that the intrinsic reactivity was highest for char generated in N 2 atmosphere and lowest for char generated in CO 2 /N 2 atmosphere. The kinetic parameters (activation energy and pre-exponential factor) for the char-CO 2 reaction were ascertained using nth order model. The activation energies did not differ significantly among the chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The order of reaction was found to follow: CO 2 /N 2 char ≫ N 2 char - Ar char.

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