The influence of pyrolysis atmosphere on volatile yield, structural characteristics, and CO 2 reaction kinetics have been examined on chars generated from Pittsburgh No. 8 coal at 6.2 bar pressure and 1100°C in a high-pressure, high-temperature flow reactor (HPHTFR) in Ar, N 2 , 50 (vol. %) CO 2 and N 2 (i.e., CO 2 / N 2 ) atmospheres. The chars were characterized for volatile yield, thermal swelling ratio, surface area, pore size distribution, crystallite structure, defects to graphitic intensity ratio, and char-CO 2 reactivity. Coal pyrolyzed in CO 2 /N 2 showed higher volatile yield (27%) compared to coal pyrolyzed in argon (-16%) and nitrogen (-19%). Except for volatile yield, there was no significant difference in structural properties for chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The difference in volatile yield was found to be due to presence of unconverted tetrahydrofuran (THF) soluble tar/soot. The results also showed that the intrinsic reactivity was highest for char generated in N 2 atmosphere and lowest for char generated in CO 2 /N 2 atmosphere. The kinetic parameters (activation energy and pre-exponential factor) for the char-CO 2 reaction were ascertained using nth order model. The activation energies did not differ significantly among the chars generated in different pyrolysis atmospheres. The order of reaction was found to follow: CO 2 /N 2 char ≫ N 2 char - Ar char.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)
- Control and Optimization
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering