Influence of surface morphology on the adhesion strength of epoxy- aluminum interfaces

Sulin Zhang, Rahul Panat, K. J. Hsia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adhesively bonded aluminum joints have been increasingly used in the automotive industry because of their structural and functional advantages. Interfacial debonding in these joints has become a major concern limiting their performance. The present work is focused on experimental investigation of the influence of surface morphology on the interfacial fracture behavior of the epoxy-aluminum interface. The specimens used in this experimental study were made of an epoxy-aluminum bimaterial strip in the form of a layered double cantilever beam (LDCB). The LDCB specimens were debonded by peeling off the epoxy layer from the aluminum substrate using a steel wedge. Interfacial fracture energy was extracted from the debonding length using a solution for the specimen geometry based on a model of a beam on an elastic foundation. This model was validated by direct finite element analysis. The experimental results establish a direct correlation between the surface roughness of aluminum substrate and the fracture resistance of the epoxy-aluminum interface. The results emphasize the importance of choosing surface features at an appropriate length scale in studying their effects on interfacial fracture resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1685-1711
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Volume17
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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