Influence of the annealing conditions on the polarization and electromechanical response of high-energy-electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene) copolymer

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    In this study, we investigated the influence of annealing conditions before irradiation on the ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of uniaxially stretched high-energy-electron-irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene) (HEEIP) copolymer (68/32 mol %) films. For films annealed at one fixed temperature before the irradiation (one-step annealing), the highest crystallinity, which was highly desirable for enhancing the electromechanical response, was obtained only for films annealed between 132 and 136 °C. In addition, annealing over 10 h in this temperature window resulted in a large increase in the crystal lamellar thickness, which was required for reducing the polarization hysteresis to a minimum in the HEEIP samples. For improvements in the mechanical qualities of the uniaxially stretched films, a two-step annealing procedure was investigated; that is, before the irradiation, the films were first annealed at a lower temperature to release the mechanical stress in the films due to the stretching and then were annealed in the high-temperature window to raise the crystallinity and crystalline size. The experimental results indicated that this approach could produce uniaxially stretched HEEIP films with much improved mechanical qualities. Furthermore, the uniaxially stretched HEEIP films with this two-step annealing exhibited the same electromechanical response as or an even higher one than that from the one-step-annealed HEEIP films.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)797-806
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - Apr 15 2003


    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Materials Chemistry

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