Infrared conductivity of hole accumulation and depletion layers in (Ga,Mn)As- and (Ga,Be)As-based electric field-effect devices

B. C. Chapler, S. MacK, L. Ju, T. W. Elson, B. W. Boudouris, E. Namdas, J. D. Yuen, A. J. Heeger, N. Samarth, M. Di Ventra, R. A. Segalman, D. D. Awschalom, F. Wang, D. N. Basov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have fabricated electric double-layer field-effect devices to electrostatically dope our active materials, either x=0.015 Ga 1-xMn xAs or x=3.2×10 -4 Ga 1-xBe xAs. The devices are tailored for interrogation of electric field-induced changes to the frequency-dependent conductivity in the accumulation or depletion layers of the active material via infrared (IR) spectroscopy at room temperature. The spectra of the (Ga,Be)As-based device reveal electric field-induced changes to the IR conductivity consistent with an enhancement or reduction of the Drude response in the accumulation and depletion polarities, respectively. The spectroscopic features of this device are all indicative of metallic conduction within the GaAs host valence band (VB). For the (Ga,Mn)As-based device, the spectra show enhancement of the far-IR itinerant carrier response and broad mid-IR resonance upon hole accumulation, with a suppression of these features in the depletion polarity. These latter spectral features demonstrate that conduction in ferromagnetic (FM) Ga 1-xMn xAs is distinct from genuine metallic behavior due to extended states in the host VB. Furthermore, these data support the notion that a Mn-induced impurity band plays a vital role in the electrodynamics of FM Ga 1-xMn xAs. We add that a sum-rule analysis of the spectra of our devices suggests that the Mn or Be doping does not lead to a substantial renormalization of the GaAs host VB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number165302
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume86
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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