The reaction of chlorine atoms (Cl) with isoprene (2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, C5H8) in solid para-hydrogen (p-H2) matrices at 3.2 K was studied using infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Mixtures of C5H8 and Cl2 were codeposited in p-H2 at 3.2 K, followed by irradiation with ultraviolet light at 365 nm to induce the photodissociation of Cl2 and the subsequent reaction of the Cl atoms with C5H8. Upon 365 nm photolysis, a multitude of new lines appeared in the IR spectrum, and, based on the secondary photolysis behavior, it was determined that the majority of the new lines belong to two distinct chemical species, designated as set A (intense lines at 1237.9, 807.8, and 605.6/608.2 cm-1, and several other weaker lines) and set B (intense lines at 942.4, 1257.7, 796.7/798.5, 667.9, and 569.7 cm-1, and several other weaker lines). Quantum-chemical calculations were performed at the B3PW91/6-311++G(2d,2p) level for ·C5H7 and the four possible isomers of the ·C5H8Cl radicals, produced from the addition of the Cl atom to the four distinct sites of carbon atoms in C5H8, to determine the relative energetics and predict IR spectra for each radical. The newly observed lines of sets A and B are assigned to the 1-chloromethyl-2-methylallyl radical (addition to carbon 4) and the 1-chloromethyl-1-methylallyl radical (addition to carbon 1) according to comparison with predicted IR spectra of possible products. The 1-chloromethyl-2-methylallyl radical and 1-chloromethyl-1-methylallyl radicals were predicted to be the most stable, with the latter ∼8 kJ mol-1 lower in energy than the former. The ratio of the 1-chloromethyl-1-methylallyl to the 1-chloromethyl-2-methylallyl radicals is estimated to be (1.2 ± 0.5):1.0, indicating that the two radicals are produced in approximately equal amounts. The exclusive production of the radicals involving the addition of the Cl atom to the two terminal carbons of isoprene is analogous to what was previously observed for the reaction of Cl atoms with trans-1,3-butadiene in solid p-H2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry