The addition reaction of chlorine with ethylene (C2H 4) is expected to proceed via a free radical intermediate, the 2-chloroethyl radical, however, this intermediate has not been previously observed spectroscopically. Irradiation at 365 nm of a co-deposited mixture of Cl2, C2H4, and p-H2 at 3.2 K produces a series of new lines in the infrared spectrum. A strong line at 664.0 cm-1 and weaker lines at 562.1, 1069.9, 1228.0, 3041.1 and 3129.3 cm-1 are concluded to be due to a single carrier based on their behavior upon subsequent annealing to 4.5 K and secondary irradiation at 254 and 214 nm. The positions and intensities of these lines agree with the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ predicted vibrational spectrum of the 2-chloroethyl (CH 2CH2Cl) radical. In order to confirm this assignment, isotopic experiments were performed with C2D4 and t-C 2H2D2 and the corresponding infrared bands due to the deuterium isotopomers of this radical (CD2CD2Cl and C2H2D2Cl) have been observed. A final set of experiments were performed following irradiation of the Cl2/C 2H4/p-H2 mixture at 365 nm, in which the matrix was irradiated with filtered infrared light from a globar source, which has been shown to induce reactions between isolated Cl atoms and matrix H 2 to produce HCl and H atoms. In these experiments, the major products observed were HCl, the ethyl radical (C2H5) and ethyl chloride (C2H5Cl) and the possible mechanisms for the formation of these species are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 14 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry