In batch and continuous fermentations, the reduction in corrosion of SAE 1018 mild steel and 304 stainless steel caused by inhibition of the reference sulfate-reducing bacterium (SRB) Desulfovibrio vulgaris by a protective, antimicrobial-producing Bacillus brevis biofilm was investigated. The presence of D. vulgaris produced a thick black precipitate on mild steel and a higher corrosion rate in batch cultures than that seen in a mono-culture of non-antimicrobial-producing Pseudomonas fragi K upon the addition of SRB to the aerobic P. fragi K biofilm. In continuous reactors, the polarization resistance R(p) decreased for stainless steel and increased for mild steel upon the addition of SRB to a P. fragi K biofilm. Addition of either 200 μg/ml ampicillin, chloramphenicol, or ammonium molybdate to batch and continuous reactors after SRB had colonized the metal was ineffective in killing SRB, as inferred from the lack of change in both R(p) and the impedance spectra. However, when ampicillin was added prior to SRB colonization, the growth of SRB was completely inhibited on stainless steel in continuous reactors. Prior addition of ampicillin was only able to delay the growth of SRB on mild steel in continuous reactors. External addition of the purified peptide antimicrobial agent gramicidin S prior to the addition of SRB also inhibited the growth of SRB on stainless steel in continuous reactors, and the SRB were also inhibited on stainless steel in both batch and continuous reactors by producing gramicidin S in situ in a protective biofilm when the gramicidin-S-overproducing strain Bacillus brevis 18 was used.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology