Bacterial dissimilatory iron reduction is self-inhibited by the production of ferrous [Fe(II)] iron resulting in diminished iron reduction as Fe(II) accumulates. Experiments were conducted to investigate the mechanisms of Fe(II) inhibition employing the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacterium Shewanella putrefaciens strain CN32 under nongrowth conditions in a system designed to minimize precipitation of ferrous iron minerals. After an initial period (ca. 1 day) of relatively rapid iron reduction, hematite reduction rates were controlled by mass transfer of Fe(II). Experiments in which hematite was equilibrated with Mn(II) prior to inoculation indicated that the observed inhibition was not due to Fe(II) sorption. At longer times, soluble Fe(II) accumulated such that the reaction was slowed due to a decreased thermodynamic driving force. The thermodynamic evaluation also supported the prior conclusion that hydrated hematite surface sites may yield substantially more energy during bioreduction than "bulk" hematite. For well-mixed conditions, the rates of hematite reduction were directly proportional to the biologically available reaction potential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry