A mixture of Lactobacillus species from a commercial silage inoculum reduced mold growth and inhibited aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus subsp. parasiticus. Actively growing Lactobacillus spp. cells totally inhibited germination of mold spores. Culture supernatant broth from the mixture of strains inhibited mold growth but did not destroy mold spore viability. Some mold spores were observed microscopically to have germinated and produced short nonbranching germ tubes; then growth ceased. While the pH of the culture broth and supernatant were about 4.0, acidification of nonfermented broth to pH 4.0 with HCl and lactic acid did not cause a similar inhibition of spore germination. The mixture of Lactobacillus species growing in a dialysis sack inhibited aflatoxin production by the A. flavus culture growing outside of the sack in broth, whereas mold growth was not affected. The pH values outside of the dialysis sack in the control and the treatments were similar (6 to 7) throughout the incubation period. When a dialysis sack with a molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 1,000 was used, there was little inhibition of aflatoxin B1 production, but with MWCOs of 6,000 to 8,000 and 12,000 to 14,000 aflatoxin production was greatly inhibited. In mixed culture experiments, levels of aflatoxin B1 and G1 were depressed compared to the control (monoculture). Mold growth in this case was also reduced compared to the monoculture system. Purified isolates of Lactobacillus from the commercial mixture had a slight effect on mold growth and aflatoxin production, but supernatant liquid of one isolate was quite inhibitory to production of aflatoxins B1 and G1, without affecting mold growth.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science