Inhibition of microsomal calcium sequestration causes an impairment of initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver

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Abstract

The present study examined the effect of 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-hydroquinone (tBuHQ), an inhibitor of liver microsomal calcium sequestration, on initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver. Perfusion of livers with a concentration of tBuHQ previously shown to completely inhibit microsomal calcium sequestration in isolated hepatocytes caused a 50% inhibition of protein synthesis. The inhibition was characterized by an increase in liver content of free ribosomal particles and a decrease in polysomes indicating that peptide-chain initiation was slowed relative to elongation. Furthermore, the inhibition was associated with a 7.5-fold increase in the proportion of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) present in the phosphorylated form and a reduction in the activity of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF-2B) to 37% of the control value. The results suggest that protein synthesis in rat liver is regulated directly by changes in intracellular calcium concentration through a mechanism involving modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF-2α.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1082-1086
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume177
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 1991

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Liver
Rats
Calcium
Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
Proteins
Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2B
Phosphorylation
Polyribosomes
Elongation
Hepatocytes
Perfusion
Modulation
Peptides
hydroquinone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Inhibition of microsomal calcium sequestration causes an impairment of initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver",
abstract = "The present study examined the effect of 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-hydroquinone (tBuHQ), an inhibitor of liver microsomal calcium sequestration, on initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver. Perfusion of livers with a concentration of tBuHQ previously shown to completely inhibit microsomal calcium sequestration in isolated hepatocytes caused a 50{\%} inhibition of protein synthesis. The inhibition was characterized by an increase in liver content of free ribosomal particles and a decrease in polysomes indicating that peptide-chain initiation was slowed relative to elongation. Furthermore, the inhibition was associated with a 7.5-fold increase in the proportion of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) present in the phosphorylated form and a reduction in the activity of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF-2B) to 37{\%} of the control value. The results suggest that protein synthesis in rat liver is regulated directly by changes in intracellular calcium concentration through a mechanism involving modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF-2α.",
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T1 - Inhibition of microsomal calcium sequestration causes an impairment of initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver

AU - Kimball, S. R.

AU - Jefferson, L. S.

PY - 1991/6/28

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N2 - The present study examined the effect of 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-hydroquinone (tBuHQ), an inhibitor of liver microsomal calcium sequestration, on initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver. Perfusion of livers with a concentration of tBuHQ previously shown to completely inhibit microsomal calcium sequestration in isolated hepatocytes caused a 50% inhibition of protein synthesis. The inhibition was characterized by an increase in liver content of free ribosomal particles and a decrease in polysomes indicating that peptide-chain initiation was slowed relative to elongation. Furthermore, the inhibition was associated with a 7.5-fold increase in the proportion of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) present in the phosphorylated form and a reduction in the activity of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF-2B) to 37% of the control value. The results suggest that protein synthesis in rat liver is regulated directly by changes in intracellular calcium concentration through a mechanism involving modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF-2α.

AB - The present study examined the effect of 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-hydroquinone (tBuHQ), an inhibitor of liver microsomal calcium sequestration, on initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver. Perfusion of livers with a concentration of tBuHQ previously shown to completely inhibit microsomal calcium sequestration in isolated hepatocytes caused a 50% inhibition of protein synthesis. The inhibition was characterized by an increase in liver content of free ribosomal particles and a decrease in polysomes indicating that peptide-chain initiation was slowed relative to elongation. Furthermore, the inhibition was associated with a 7.5-fold increase in the proportion of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) present in the phosphorylated form and a reduction in the activity of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF-2B) to 37% of the control value. The results suggest that protein synthesis in rat liver is regulated directly by changes in intracellular calcium concentration through a mechanism involving modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF-2α.

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