The present study examined the effect of 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-hydroquinone (tBuHQ), an inhibitor of liver microsomal calcium sequestration, on initiation of protein synthesis in perfused rat liver. Perfusion of livers with a concentration of tBuHQ previously shown to completely inhibit microsomal calcium sequestration in isolated hepatocytes caused a 50% inhibition of protein synthesis. The inhibition was characterized by an increase in liver content of free ribosomal particles and a decrease in polysomes indicating that peptide-chain initiation was slowed relative to elongation. Furthermore, the inhibition was associated with a 7.5-fold increase in the proportion of the α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) present in the phosphorylated form and a reduction in the activity of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF-2B) to 37% of the control value. The results suggest that protein synthesis in rat liver is regulated directly by changes in intracellular calcium concentration through a mechanism involving modulation of the phosphorylation state of eIF-2α.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jun 28 1991|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology