2D titanium carbides (MXene) possess significant characteristics including high conductivity and electromagnetic interference shielding efficiency (EMI SE) that are important for applications in printed and flexible electronics. However, MXene-based ink formulations are yet to be demonstrated for proper inkjet printing of MXene patterns. Here, tandem repeat synthetic proteins based on squid ring teeth (SRT) are employed as templates of molecular self-assembly to engineer MXene inks that can be printed as stimuli-responsive electrodes on various substrates including cellulose paper, glass, and flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET). MXene electrodes printed on PET substrates are able to display electrical conductivity values as high as 1080 ± 175 S cm−1, which significantly exceeds electrical conductivity values of state-of-the-art inkjet-printed electrodes composed of other 2D materials including graphene (250 S cm−1) and reduced graphene oxide (340 S cm−1). Furthermore, this high electrical conductivity is sustained under excessive bending deformation. These flexible electrodes also exhibit effective EMI SE values reaching 50 dB at films with thicknesses of 1.35 µm, which mainly originate from their high electrical conductivity and layered structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics