Inoculation of native woody plants with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for phosphate mine land reclamation

David M. Sylvia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cuttings of Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Ell., Clethra alnifolia L., Cornus foemina Mill., Ilex glabra (L.) Gray, and Viburnum nudum L. were inoculated in a rooting bed with Glomus etunicatum (Nicol & Gerd.) Gerdemann & Trappe, Glomus intraradices Schenck & Smith, or a mixed culture that consisted of several unidentified Glomus spp. After 7 weeks, a low level of root colonization (overall mean of 2%) was recorded for all plant species except V. nudum. These low percentages were sufficient to obtain well-colonized plants (overall mean of 57%) after rooted cuttings were transplanted to potting medium and grown in a shadehouse for 7 months. Inoculation had no effect on plant growth or survival after outplanting to a site that contained abundant clay aggregates and where controls became colonized by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi. Further studies are needed on sites differing in physical and chemical properties before reliable conclusions can be drawn concerning the use of VAM-fungus inoculation in phosphate minelands reclamation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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Viburnum nudum
land reclamation
land restoration
woody plant
woody plants
Cornus foemina
inoculation
Clethra alnifolia
Aronia arbutifolia
mycorrhizal fungi
Ilex glabra
phosphate
fungus
phosphates
Claroideoglomus etunicatum
root colonization
Glomus intraradices
Glomus
mixed culture
rooting

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Cuttings of Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Ell., Clethra alnifolia L., Cornus foemina Mill., Ilex glabra (L.) Gray, and Viburnum nudum L. were inoculated in a rooting bed with Glomus etunicatum (Nicol & Gerd.) Gerdemann & Trappe, Glomus intraradices Schenck & Smith, or a mixed culture that consisted of several unidentified Glomus spp. After 7 weeks, a low level of root colonization (overall mean of 2{\%}) was recorded for all plant species except V. nudum. These low percentages were sufficient to obtain well-colonized plants (overall mean of 57{\%}) after rooted cuttings were transplanted to potting medium and grown in a shadehouse for 7 months. Inoculation had no effect on plant growth or survival after outplanting to a site that contained abundant clay aggregates and where controls became colonized by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi. Further studies are needed on sites differing in physical and chemical properties before reliable conclusions can be drawn concerning the use of VAM-fungus inoculation in phosphate minelands reclamation.",
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Inoculation of native woody plants with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for phosphate mine land reclamation. / Sylvia, David M.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 31, No. 3, 01.01.1990, p. 253-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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