Insertion of olefins into palladium(Ii)-acyl bonds. mechanistic and structural studies

Jeffrey S. Brumbaugh, Robert R. Whittle, Masood Parvez, Ayusman Sen

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134 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reaction of norbornylene with [Pd(PPh3)2(CH3CN)(COR)]BF4 (2) produced [Pd(PPh3)2-(C7H10COR)](BF4) (3). The crystal structure of 3a (R = Me) revealed a square-planar coordination around the palladium atom. The two triphenylphosphine ligands occupied eis positions, and the 2-acetylnorborn-l-yl residue acted as a chelating ligand by coordinating through the norbornyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen. The two palladium-phosphorus distances, 2.238 (2) and 2.434 (2) Â, were dramatically different. Crys-tallographic data: space group Ρ2ϊ/η; α = 11.430 (10), b = 23.042 (3), c = 16.338 (3) Â; β = 99.90 (2)°; V = 4238.7 A3; Ζ = 4; R = 0.0673, Rw = 0.0894. The reaction mechanism, determined by studying the analogous reaction of 2 with norbornadiene, involved insertion from a four-coordinate intermediate formed by olefin displacement of the acetonitrile ligand. The reaction of Pd(PPh3)2(Cl)(COR) (1) with norbornylene produced Pd(PPh3)(Cl)(C7H10COR) (6). For this reaction a mechanism involving insertion from a four-coordinate intermediate formed by olefin displacement of a triphenylphosphine ligand was consistent with the experimental results. The reaction of 1 with olefin was significantly accelerated in the presence of a “phosphine sponge” (e.g., Pd(PhCN)2Cl2, CH3I, or S).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1735-1747
Number of pages13
JournalOrganometallics
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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