Significantly enhanced electromechanical responses are inherent to piezoelectric materials at the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB). Here we reveal that conformational competition between the trans-planar and 3/1-helical phases of poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) P(VDF-TrFE) occurs intramolecularly rather than intermolecularly to induce the formation of MPB. We attribute significantly enhanced piezoelectric properties observed near MPB to the polarization rotation between energetically degenerate trans-planar and 3/1-helical phases. Our results offer design principles to search for new MPB polymers from a molecular perspective.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films