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156 Scopus citations


Insomnia is a heterogeneous disorder variously caused by a number of psychological, environmental, and biological factors. A growing literature on the 2 subtypes of insomnia most likely associated with predominantly psychological factors (psychophysiological and subjective insomnia) has suggested the possible role of physiological hyperactivity, cognitive intrusions, unusual sleep phenomenology, and deficient sensorimotor rhythm in the origins and maintenance of some forms of the disturbance. Preliminary evidence indicates that relaxation techniques, biofeedback, paradoxical intention, and stimulus control all contain active ingredients effective in reducing the subjective complaint of insomnia, with additional EEG documentation in the case of relaxation and biofeedback. (87 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-895
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1982

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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