Protein synthesis was accelerated in rat hearts that were provided insulin compared with provision of glucose or pyruvate alone or a mixture of glucose and pyruvate. The faster synthetic rates were accompanied by a reduction in numbers of ribosomal subunits, indicating that peptide chain initiation was accelerated relative to elongation/termination. In hearts supplied glucose, 65% of the maximal effect on protein sythesis was achieved by addition of 1.7 x 10-10 M insulin, but significant effects on glucose uptake as well as on tissue contents of glucose 6-phosphate and creatine phosphate were obtained only with 7 x 10-10 M insulin. Addition of glucose to perfusates containing pyruvate did not accelerate protein synthesis, although the glucose 6-phosphate content was raised. Similarly, the stimulatory effects of insulin on protein synthesis in hearts supplied pyruvate did not depend on changes in glucose 6-phosphate content, creatine phosphate/creatine, ATP/ADP, or adenylate energy charge. These studies indicate that insulin accelerated peptide-chain initiation and protein synthesis in rat heart by mechanisms independent of the hormone's effect on glucose or energy metabolism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology