Intake at a single, palatable buffet test meal is associated with total body fat and regional fat distribution in children

S. Nicole Fearnbach, David Thivel, Karol Meyermann, Kathleen L. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies testing the relationship between short-term, ad libitum test-meal intake and body composition in children have shown inconsistent relationships. The objective of this study was to determine whether children's intake at a palatable, buffet meal was associated with body composition, assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). A sample of 71 children (4-6 years) participated in 4 sessions where ad libitum food intake was measured. Children's intake at two of the test-meals was retained for the present analysis: a baseline meal consisting of moderately palatable foods and a highly palatable buffet including sweets, sweet-fats, and savory-fats. On the last visit, anthropometrics and DXA were assessed to determine child body composition. Children consumed significantly more calories at the palatable buffet compared to the baseline test-meal. Children's total fat-free mass was positively associated with intake at both the baseline meal and the palatable buffet meal. Total energy intake at both meals and intake of savory-fats at the palatable buffet were positively associated with children's total fat mass, total percent body fat, and percent android fat. Intake of sweet-fats was associated with child fat-free mass index. Intake of sweets was not correlated with body composition. Children's intake at a palatable test-meal, particularly of savory-fat foods, was associated with measures of total and regional body fat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalAppetite
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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