Integrated Framework for Patient Safety and Energy Efficiency in Healthcare Facilities Retrofit Projects

Atefeh Mohammadpour, Chimay J. Anumba, John I. Messner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


There is a growing focus on enhancing energy efficiency in healthcare facilities, many of which are decades old. Since replacement of all aging healthcare facilities is not economically feasible, the retrofitting of these facilities is an appropriate path, which also provides an opportunity to incorporate energy efficiency measures. In undertaking energy efficiency retrofits, it is vital that the safety of the patients in these facilities is maintained or enhanced. However, the interactions between patient safety and energy efficiency have not been adequately addressed to realize the full benefits of retrofitting healthcare facilities. To address this, an innovative integrated framework, the Patient Safety and Energy Efficiency (PATSiE) framework, was developed to simultaneously enhance patient safety and energy efficiency. The framework includes a step-by-step procedure for enhancing both patient safety and energy efficiency. It provides a structured overview of the different stages involved in retrofitting healthcare facilities and improves understanding of the intricacies associated with integrating patient safety improvements with energy efficiency enhancements. Evaluation of the PATSiE framework was conducted through focus groups with the key stakeholders in two case study healthcare facilities. The feedback from these stakeholders was generally positive, as they considered the framework useful and applicable to retrofit projects in the healthcare industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-85
Number of pages18
JournalHealth Environments Research and Design Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Integrated Framework for Patient Safety and Energy Efficiency in Healthcare Facilities Retrofit Projects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this