Integrating and differentiating aspects of self-regulation

Effortful control, executive functioning, and links to negative affectivity

David J. Bridgett, Kate B. Oddi, Lauren M. Laake, Kyle Murdock, Melissa N. Bachmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subdisciplines within psychology frequently examine self-regulation from different frameworks despite conceptually similar definitions of constructs. In the current study, similarities and differences between effortful control, based on the psychobiological model of temperament (Rothbart, Derryberry, & Posner, 1994), and executive functioning are examined and empirically tested in three studies (n = 509). Structural equation modeling indicated that effortful control and executive functioning are strongly associated and overlapping constructs (Study 1). Additionally, results indicated that effortful control is related to the executive function of updating/monitoring information in working memory, but not inhibition (Studies 2 and 3). Study 3 also demonstrates that better updating/monitoring information in working memory and better effortful control were uniquely linked to lower dispositional negative affect, whereas the executive function of low/poor inhibition was uniquely associated with an increased tendency to express negative affect. Furthermore, dispositional negative affect mediated the links between effortful control and, separately, the executive function of updating/monitoring information in working memory and the tendency to express negative affect. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed, and a potential framework for guiding future work directed at integrating and differentiating aspects of self-regulation is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-63
Number of pages17
JournalEmotion
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2013

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Executive Function
Short-Term Memory
Temperament
Psychology
Self-Control
Inhibition (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Bridgett, David J. ; Oddi, Kate B. ; Laake, Lauren M. ; Murdock, Kyle ; Bachmann, Melissa N. / Integrating and differentiating aspects of self-regulation : Effortful control, executive functioning, and links to negative affectivity. In: Emotion. 2013 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 47-63.
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Integrating and differentiating aspects of self-regulation : Effortful control, executive functioning, and links to negative affectivity. / Bridgett, David J.; Oddi, Kate B.; Laake, Lauren M.; Murdock, Kyle; Bachmann, Melissa N.

In: Emotion, Vol. 13, No. 1, 09.08.2013, p. 47-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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