This review focuses on the complementary nature of density functional theory calculations and spectroscopic studies related to cellulose and its interactions within plant cell walls (PCWs). The complexity, structural disorder, and nanoscale nature of PCWs make them difficult to analyze and understand, but advances in sum-frequency generation and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies as well as in density functional theory have made it possible to elucidate structure not observable previously. Combined with other techniques such as wide-angle X-ray scattering and neutron diffraction, details of PCW components (e.g., cellulose, lignin, pectin) and their interactions with one another can be elucidated. These techniques provide new insight into biological and biochemical studies and provide a basis for creating improved models of the PCWs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)