Integrating implicit and explicit social cognitions for enhanced personality assessment: A general framework for choosing measurement and statistical methods

Mark N. Bing, James Marshall Lebreton, H. Kristl Davison, Debrah Z. Migetz, Lawrence R. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


The current article advocates integrating implicit and explicit social cognitions for enhanced personality assessment in organizational contexts (e.g., personnel selection settings). Several methods for measuring implicit cognitions are reviewed, and their strengths and limitations are discussed. The most widely used method for measuring explicit cognitions, the self-report questionnaire, also is described along with its strengths and limitations. Implicit and explicit cognitions then are integrated to form a general model of personality prototypes. The authors describe several mechanisms by which implicit and explicit cognitions may operate (e.g., coact, interact) to predict criteria, depending on the nature of the personality construct assessed and the outcome of interest. These different operations implicate different statistical methodologies. The authors then present specific examples of this integrative procedure for enhancing personality assessment using the construct of achievement motivation. They conclude by discussing how future research could extend and apply this general framework for use with other personality constructs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-179
Number of pages44
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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