Integration of pressure transient data in modeling Tengiz field, Kazakhstan - A new way to characterize fractured reservoirs

Yan Pan, Mun Hong Hui, Wayne Narr, Gregory R. King, Terrell H. Tankersley, Steve D. Jenkins, Eric A. Flodin, Philip W. Bateman, Chris Laidlaw, Hai Xuan Vo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tengiz is a supergiant oil field with 30 billion STBOOIP located in the Pricaspian basin of western Kazakhstan. The field produces from an isolated carbonate platform of Devonian to Pennsylvanian age, with a flat-lying central platform surrounded by a relatively steep depositional slope. Fractures are common and significantly enhance productivity in the outer platform and slope. Understanding the flow behavior of the matrix-fracture system is a key to successful field development. The characterization of naturally fractured reservoirs is especially challenging due to a high degree of heterogeneity and uncertainty. When modeling carbonate reservoirs - and particularly those where fractures play a significant role - we lack a consistent and robust methodology for utilizing dynamic data collected from pressure buildup tests, production logging, pulse tests between wells, and from increasingly deployed permanent down-hole gauges. Instead, this data, which contain rich information about wells and reservoir, is often neglected in the conventional production history matching. This project aims to fill this technology gap to better characterize fractured carbonate reservoirs. We apply numerical well testing techniques with discrete fracture modeling to understand and characterize the fracture-matrix properties. The effective utilization of pressure transient data should narrow the uncertainty, improve the characterization, and help optimize field development. First the numerical solutions from both Discrete Fracture Models (DFM) and Dual-Porosity Models using numerical reservoir simulator were validated against analytical pressure-transient solutions for a dual-porosity system. Next a systematic workflow to integrate single-well buildup test data into numerical models was developed based on synthetic case study results. Finally the new method was applied successfully to a sector model of Tengiz field. Some preliminary techniques were also developed to honor pulse test data and analysis results between wells with numerical simulation models. Continuous efforts are being made to improve field-scale reservoir simulation models using dynamic and static data of fracture-matrix systems for more accurate field performance forecast in Tengiz. The successful integration of all types of data would have a big impact on reservoir management by potentially minimizing the number of wells to be drilled, maximizing the production from each well, and substantially increasing reserves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013
Subtitle of host publicationEnergy and the Environment Working Together for the Future
Pages95-107
Number of pages13
StatePublished - Aug 16 2013
EventSPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future - Monterey, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 19 2013Apr 25 2013

Publication series

NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future

Other

OtherSPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future
CountryUnited States
CityMonterey, CA
Period4/19/134/25/13

Fingerprint

Petroleum reservoirs
Carbonates
Porosity
Well testing
Reservoir management
Oil fields
Gages
Numerical models
Dynamic models
Simulators
Productivity
Computer simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Pan, Y., Hui, M. H., Narr, W., King, G. R., Tankersley, T. H., Jenkins, S. D., ... Vo, H. X. (2013). Integration of pressure transient data in modeling Tengiz field, Kazakhstan - A new way to characterize fractured reservoirs. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future (pp. 95-107). (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future).
Pan, Yan ; Hui, Mun Hong ; Narr, Wayne ; King, Gregory R. ; Tankersley, Terrell H. ; Jenkins, Steve D. ; Flodin, Eric A. ; Bateman, Philip W. ; Laidlaw, Chris ; Vo, Hai Xuan. / Integration of pressure transient data in modeling Tengiz field, Kazakhstan - A new way to characterize fractured reservoirs. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future. 2013. pp. 95-107 (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future).
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abstract = "Tengiz is a supergiant oil field with 30 billion STBOOIP located in the Pricaspian basin of western Kazakhstan. The field produces from an isolated carbonate platform of Devonian to Pennsylvanian age, with a flat-lying central platform surrounded by a relatively steep depositional slope. Fractures are common and significantly enhance productivity in the outer platform and slope. Understanding the flow behavior of the matrix-fracture system is a key to successful field development. The characterization of naturally fractured reservoirs is especially challenging due to a high degree of heterogeneity and uncertainty. When modeling carbonate reservoirs - and particularly those where fractures play a significant role - we lack a consistent and robust methodology for utilizing dynamic data collected from pressure buildup tests, production logging, pulse tests between wells, and from increasingly deployed permanent down-hole gauges. Instead, this data, which contain rich information about wells and reservoir, is often neglected in the conventional production history matching. This project aims to fill this technology gap to better characterize fractured carbonate reservoirs. We apply numerical well testing techniques with discrete fracture modeling to understand and characterize the fracture-matrix properties. The effective utilization of pressure transient data should narrow the uncertainty, improve the characterization, and help optimize field development. First the numerical solutions from both Discrete Fracture Models (DFM) and Dual-Porosity Models using numerical reservoir simulator were validated against analytical pressure-transient solutions for a dual-porosity system. Next a systematic workflow to integrate single-well buildup test data into numerical models was developed based on synthetic case study results. Finally the new method was applied successfully to a sector model of Tengiz field. Some preliminary techniques were also developed to honor pulse test data and analysis results between wells with numerical simulation models. Continuous efforts are being made to improve field-scale reservoir simulation models using dynamic and static data of fracture-matrix systems for more accurate field performance forecast in Tengiz. The successful integration of all types of data would have a big impact on reservoir management by potentially minimizing the number of wells to be drilled, maximizing the production from each well, and substantially increasing reserves.",
author = "Yan Pan and Hui, {Mun Hong} and Wayne Narr and King, {Gregory R.} and Tankersley, {Terrell H.} and Jenkins, {Steve D.} and Flodin, {Eric A.} and Bateman, {Philip W.} and Chris Laidlaw and Vo, {Hai Xuan}",
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Pan, Y, Hui, MH, Narr, W, King, GR, Tankersley, TH, Jenkins, SD, Flodin, EA, Bateman, PW, Laidlaw, C & Vo, HX 2013, Integration of pressure transient data in modeling Tengiz field, Kazakhstan - A new way to characterize fractured reservoirs. in Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future, pp. 95-107, SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future, Monterey, CA, United States, 4/19/13.

Integration of pressure transient data in modeling Tengiz field, Kazakhstan - A new way to characterize fractured reservoirs. / Pan, Yan; Hui, Mun Hong; Narr, Wayne; King, Gregory R.; Tankersley, Terrell H.; Jenkins, Steve D.; Flodin, Eric A.; Bateman, Philip W.; Laidlaw, Chris; Vo, Hai Xuan.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future. 2013. p. 95-107 (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Pan, Yan

AU - Hui, Mun Hong

AU - Narr, Wayne

AU - King, Gregory R.

AU - Tankersley, Terrell H.

AU - Jenkins, Steve D.

AU - Flodin, Eric A.

AU - Bateman, Philip W.

AU - Laidlaw, Chris

AU - Vo, Hai Xuan

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N2 - Tengiz is a supergiant oil field with 30 billion STBOOIP located in the Pricaspian basin of western Kazakhstan. The field produces from an isolated carbonate platform of Devonian to Pennsylvanian age, with a flat-lying central platform surrounded by a relatively steep depositional slope. Fractures are common and significantly enhance productivity in the outer platform and slope. Understanding the flow behavior of the matrix-fracture system is a key to successful field development. The characterization of naturally fractured reservoirs is especially challenging due to a high degree of heterogeneity and uncertainty. When modeling carbonate reservoirs - and particularly those where fractures play a significant role - we lack a consistent and robust methodology for utilizing dynamic data collected from pressure buildup tests, production logging, pulse tests between wells, and from increasingly deployed permanent down-hole gauges. Instead, this data, which contain rich information about wells and reservoir, is often neglected in the conventional production history matching. This project aims to fill this technology gap to better characterize fractured carbonate reservoirs. We apply numerical well testing techniques with discrete fracture modeling to understand and characterize the fracture-matrix properties. The effective utilization of pressure transient data should narrow the uncertainty, improve the characterization, and help optimize field development. First the numerical solutions from both Discrete Fracture Models (DFM) and Dual-Porosity Models using numerical reservoir simulator were validated against analytical pressure-transient solutions for a dual-porosity system. Next a systematic workflow to integrate single-well buildup test data into numerical models was developed based on synthetic case study results. Finally the new method was applied successfully to a sector model of Tengiz field. Some preliminary techniques were also developed to honor pulse test data and analysis results between wells with numerical simulation models. Continuous efforts are being made to improve field-scale reservoir simulation models using dynamic and static data of fracture-matrix systems for more accurate field performance forecast in Tengiz. The successful integration of all types of data would have a big impact on reservoir management by potentially minimizing the number of wells to be drilled, maximizing the production from each well, and substantially increasing reserves.

AB - Tengiz is a supergiant oil field with 30 billion STBOOIP located in the Pricaspian basin of western Kazakhstan. The field produces from an isolated carbonate platform of Devonian to Pennsylvanian age, with a flat-lying central platform surrounded by a relatively steep depositional slope. Fractures are common and significantly enhance productivity in the outer platform and slope. Understanding the flow behavior of the matrix-fracture system is a key to successful field development. The characterization of naturally fractured reservoirs is especially challenging due to a high degree of heterogeneity and uncertainty. When modeling carbonate reservoirs - and particularly those where fractures play a significant role - we lack a consistent and robust methodology for utilizing dynamic data collected from pressure buildup tests, production logging, pulse tests between wells, and from increasingly deployed permanent down-hole gauges. Instead, this data, which contain rich information about wells and reservoir, is often neglected in the conventional production history matching. This project aims to fill this technology gap to better characterize fractured carbonate reservoirs. We apply numerical well testing techniques with discrete fracture modeling to understand and characterize the fracture-matrix properties. The effective utilization of pressure transient data should narrow the uncertainty, improve the characterization, and help optimize field development. First the numerical solutions from both Discrete Fracture Models (DFM) and Dual-Porosity Models using numerical reservoir simulator were validated against analytical pressure-transient solutions for a dual-porosity system. Next a systematic workflow to integrate single-well buildup test data into numerical models was developed based on synthetic case study results. Finally the new method was applied successfully to a sector model of Tengiz field. Some preliminary techniques were also developed to honor pulse test data and analysis results between wells with numerical simulation models. Continuous efforts are being made to improve field-scale reservoir simulation models using dynamic and static data of fracture-matrix systems for more accurate field performance forecast in Tengiz. The successful integration of all types of data would have a big impact on reservoir management by potentially minimizing the number of wells to be drilled, maximizing the production from each well, and substantially increasing reserves.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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T3 - Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future

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Pan Y, Hui MH, Narr W, King GR, Tankersley TH, Jenkins SD et al. Integration of pressure transient data in modeling Tengiz field, Kazakhstan - A new way to characterize fractured reservoirs. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future. 2013. p. 95-107. (Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Western Regional / Pacific Section AAPG Joint Technical Conference 2013: Energy and the Environment Working Together for the Future).