Integration of somatic and visceral inputs by the brainstem. Functional considerations

B. J. Yates, Sean Stocker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of the brainstem have traditionally either focused on mechanisms for the control of limb or axial muscles or for the maintenance of homeostasis (e.g., the circuitry for the regulation of respiration or blood pressure). However, recent studies have demonstrated that movement and changes in cardiorespiratory activity often are coordinated, indicating a linkage between the pathways that control somatic motor activity and those that regulate respiration or circulation. Neurons in regions such as nucleus tractus solitarius and the lateral medullary reticular formation that regulate circulation and respiration have been shown to receive somatic sensory signals (including those from the vestibular system) indicating body position in space. In addition, somatic motor control may be influenced by signals from visceral receptors that provide cues regarding body position in space. Some areas of the brainstem may also participate directly in both motor control and regulation of blood pressure and respiration. Thus, a simple division of the brainstem into 'somatic' and 'autonomic' regions is no longer possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 1998

Fingerprint

Brain Stem
Respiration
Blood Pressure
Solitary Nucleus
Reticular Formation
Cues
Motor Activity
Homeostasis
Extremities
Maintenance
Neurons
Muscles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Yates, B. J. ; Stocker, Sean. / Integration of somatic and visceral inputs by the brainstem. Functional considerations. In: Experimental Brain Research. 1998 ; Vol. 119, No. 3. pp. 269-275.
@article{052ece2393c343739a8b44c61be6e201,
title = "Integration of somatic and visceral inputs by the brainstem. Functional considerations",
abstract = "Studies of the brainstem have traditionally either focused on mechanisms for the control of limb or axial muscles or for the maintenance of homeostasis (e.g., the circuitry for the regulation of respiration or blood pressure). However, recent studies have demonstrated that movement and changes in cardiorespiratory activity often are coordinated, indicating a linkage between the pathways that control somatic motor activity and those that regulate respiration or circulation. Neurons in regions such as nucleus tractus solitarius and the lateral medullary reticular formation that regulate circulation and respiration have been shown to receive somatic sensory signals (including those from the vestibular system) indicating body position in space. In addition, somatic motor control may be influenced by signals from visceral receptors that provide cues regarding body position in space. Some areas of the brainstem may also participate directly in both motor control and regulation of blood pressure and respiration. Thus, a simple division of the brainstem into 'somatic' and 'autonomic' regions is no longer possible.",
author = "Yates, {B. J.} and Sean Stocker",
year = "1998",
month = "3",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1007/s002210050342",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "119",
pages = "269--275",
journal = "Experimental Brain Research",
issn = "0014-4819",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3",

}

Integration of somatic and visceral inputs by the brainstem. Functional considerations. / Yates, B. J.; Stocker, Sean.

In: Experimental Brain Research, Vol. 119, No. 3, 28.03.1998, p. 269-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integration of somatic and visceral inputs by the brainstem. Functional considerations

AU - Yates, B. J.

AU - Stocker, Sean

PY - 1998/3/28

Y1 - 1998/3/28

N2 - Studies of the brainstem have traditionally either focused on mechanisms for the control of limb or axial muscles or for the maintenance of homeostasis (e.g., the circuitry for the regulation of respiration or blood pressure). However, recent studies have demonstrated that movement and changes in cardiorespiratory activity often are coordinated, indicating a linkage between the pathways that control somatic motor activity and those that regulate respiration or circulation. Neurons in regions such as nucleus tractus solitarius and the lateral medullary reticular formation that regulate circulation and respiration have been shown to receive somatic sensory signals (including those from the vestibular system) indicating body position in space. In addition, somatic motor control may be influenced by signals from visceral receptors that provide cues regarding body position in space. Some areas of the brainstem may also participate directly in both motor control and regulation of blood pressure and respiration. Thus, a simple division of the brainstem into 'somatic' and 'autonomic' regions is no longer possible.

AB - Studies of the brainstem have traditionally either focused on mechanisms for the control of limb or axial muscles or for the maintenance of homeostasis (e.g., the circuitry for the regulation of respiration or blood pressure). However, recent studies have demonstrated that movement and changes in cardiorespiratory activity often are coordinated, indicating a linkage between the pathways that control somatic motor activity and those that regulate respiration or circulation. Neurons in regions such as nucleus tractus solitarius and the lateral medullary reticular formation that regulate circulation and respiration have been shown to receive somatic sensory signals (including those from the vestibular system) indicating body position in space. In addition, somatic motor control may be influenced by signals from visceral receptors that provide cues regarding body position in space. Some areas of the brainstem may also participate directly in both motor control and regulation of blood pressure and respiration. Thus, a simple division of the brainstem into 'somatic' and 'autonomic' regions is no longer possible.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031909018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031909018&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s002210050342

DO - 10.1007/s002210050342

M3 - Review article

VL - 119

SP - 269

EP - 275

JO - Experimental Brain Research

JF - Experimental Brain Research

SN - 0014-4819

IS - 3

ER -