Inter-limb force coupling is resistant to distorted visual fedback in chronic hemiparetic stroke

Sheng Li, Ana Durand-Sanchez, Mark L. Latash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Interlimb coupling between impaired and nonimpaired limbs after stroke has been a common observation. The aim of this study was to examine interlimb interactions in force production in responses to altered visual gain in hemiparetic stroke survivors. Design: prospective clinical study Methods: A convenient sample of 7 hemiparetic stroke subjects (3 women and 4 men; mean age 56.0 years (standard errors 12.8) of age; history of stroke: mean duration 61.6 months (standard errors 53.3)) participated in the study. Subjects performed bilateral elbow flexion to varying total force targets from 3% to 60% maximal contraction forces with normal visual gain (1:1) and to a 10% maximal voluntary contraction target with altered visual gains (1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 2, 4, and 8) for the force of the less-impaired, ipsilesional side. Results: Across all conditions, the forces produced by both impaired and non-impaired limb changed proportionally to their maximal voluntary contraction force, such that relative contributions of each limb's force to the total force remained unchanged. In conditions with altered visual gain, high and low, the total force showed errors in the direction of undershooting. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that there is a strong interlimb force coupling in hemiparetic stroke, resistant to distorted visual feedback. It may reflect a default sharing pattern dominant after stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-211
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2014

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Extremities
Stroke
Sensory Feedback
Elbow
Survivors
Observation
Prospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective: Interlimb coupling between impaired and nonimpaired limbs after stroke has been a common observation. The aim of this study was to examine interlimb interactions in force production in responses to altered visual gain in hemiparetic stroke survivors. Design: prospective clinical study Methods: A convenient sample of 7 hemiparetic stroke subjects (3 women and 4 men; mean age 56.0 years (standard errors 12.8) of age; history of stroke: mean duration 61.6 months (standard errors 53.3)) participated in the study. Subjects performed bilateral elbow flexion to varying total force targets from 3{\%} to 60{\%} maximal contraction forces with normal visual gain (1:1) and to a 10{\%} maximal voluntary contraction target with altered visual gains (1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 2, 4, and 8) for the force of the less-impaired, ipsilesional side. Results: Across all conditions, the forces produced by both impaired and non-impaired limb changed proportionally to their maximal voluntary contraction force, such that relative contributions of each limb's force to the total force remained unchanged. In conditions with altered visual gain, high and low, the total force showed errors in the direction of undershooting. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that there is a strong interlimb force coupling in hemiparetic stroke, resistant to distorted visual feedback. It may reflect a default sharing pattern dominant after stroke.",
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Inter-limb force coupling is resistant to distorted visual fedback in chronic hemiparetic stroke. / Li, Sheng; Durand-Sanchez, Ana; Latash, Mark L.

In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 3, 05.03.2014, p. 206-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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