Time-resolved spectroscopic techniques, including optical flash photolysis and electron spin resonance spectroscopy, have been utilized to monitor electron-transport activity in Photosystem II subchloroplast particles. These studies have indicated that in the presence of 100 μM linolenic acid (1) a high initial fluorescence yield (Fi) is observed upon steady-state illumination of the dark-adapted sample; (2) flash-induced absorption transients (t > 10 μs) in the region of 820 nm, attributed to P-680+, are first slowed, then abolished; and (3) electron spin resonance Signal IIs and Signal IIf (Z+) are not detectable. Upon reversal of linolenic acid inhibition by washing with bovine serum albumin, optical and electron spin resonance transients originating from the photooxidation of P-680 are restored. Similarly, the variable component of fluorescence is recovered with an accompanying restoration of Signal IIs and Signal IIf. The data indicate that linolenic acid affects two inhibition sites in Photosystem II: one located between pheophytin and QA on the reducing side, and the other between electron donor Z and P-680 on the oxidizing side. Since both sites are associated with bound quinone molecules, we suggest that linolenic acid interacts at the level of quinone binding proteins in Photosystem II.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology