Interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone derived from SAGE II satellite data and SHADOZ ozonesondes

William J. Randel, Anne M. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-term observations of stratospheric ozone from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II) satellite (1984-2005) are combined with ozonesonde measurements from the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network (1998-2009) to study interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone. Excellent agreement is found comparing the two data sets for the overlap period 1998-2005, and the data are combined to form a continuous time series covering 1984-2009. SHADOZ measurements also provide temperature profiles, and interannual changes in ozone and temperature are highly correlated throughout the tropical lower stratosphere (16-27 km). Interannual variability in stratospheric ozone is dominated by effects of the quasi-biennial oscillation and El Nio-Southern Oscillation, and there are also significant negative trends (-2 to -4% per decade) in the tropical lower stratosphere (over 17-21 km). These tropical ozone trends are consistent with results from chemistry-climate model simulations, wherein the trends result from increases in upwelling circulation in the tropical lower stratosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberD07303
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume116
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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ozonesondes
ozonesonde
Upper atmosphere
Ozone
Southern Hemisphere
aerosols
Aerosols
ozone
remote sensing
satellite data
Stratospheric Ozone
Gases
gases
Satellites
aerosol
trends
stratosphere
gas
experiment
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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abstract = "Long-term observations of stratospheric ozone from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II) satellite (1984-2005) are combined with ozonesonde measurements from the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network (1998-2009) to study interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone. Excellent agreement is found comparing the two data sets for the overlap period 1998-2005, and the data are combined to form a continuous time series covering 1984-2009. SHADOZ measurements also provide temperature profiles, and interannual changes in ozone and temperature are highly correlated throughout the tropical lower stratosphere (16-27 km). Interannual variability in stratospheric ozone is dominated by effects of the quasi-biennial oscillation and El Nio-Southern Oscillation, and there are also significant negative trends (-2 to -4{\%} per decade) in the tropical lower stratosphere (over 17-21 km). These tropical ozone trends are consistent with results from chemistry-climate model simulations, wherein the trends result from increases in upwelling circulation in the tropical lower stratosphere.",
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Interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone derived from SAGE II satellite data and SHADOZ ozonesondes. / Randel, William J.; Thompson, Anne M.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 116, No. 7, D07303, 01.01.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Randel, William J.

AU - Thompson, Anne M.

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N2 - Long-term observations of stratospheric ozone from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II) satellite (1984-2005) are combined with ozonesonde measurements from the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network (1998-2009) to study interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone. Excellent agreement is found comparing the two data sets for the overlap period 1998-2005, and the data are combined to form a continuous time series covering 1984-2009. SHADOZ measurements also provide temperature profiles, and interannual changes in ozone and temperature are highly correlated throughout the tropical lower stratosphere (16-27 km). Interannual variability in stratospheric ozone is dominated by effects of the quasi-biennial oscillation and El Nio-Southern Oscillation, and there are also significant negative trends (-2 to -4% per decade) in the tropical lower stratosphere (over 17-21 km). These tropical ozone trends are consistent with results from chemistry-climate model simulations, wherein the trends result from increases in upwelling circulation in the tropical lower stratosphere.

AB - Long-term observations of stratospheric ozone from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II) satellite (1984-2005) are combined with ozonesonde measurements from the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network (1998-2009) to study interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone. Excellent agreement is found comparing the two data sets for the overlap period 1998-2005, and the data are combined to form a continuous time series covering 1984-2009. SHADOZ measurements also provide temperature profiles, and interannual changes in ozone and temperature are highly correlated throughout the tropical lower stratosphere (16-27 km). Interannual variability in stratospheric ozone is dominated by effects of the quasi-biennial oscillation and El Nio-Southern Oscillation, and there are also significant negative trends (-2 to -4% per decade) in the tropical lower stratosphere (over 17-21 km). These tropical ozone trends are consistent with results from chemistry-climate model simulations, wherein the trends result from increases in upwelling circulation in the tropical lower stratosphere.

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