Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements

Rangasayi N. Halthore, David Crisp, Stephen E. Schwartz, G. P. Anderson, A. Berk, B. Bonnel, O. Boucher, Fu Lung Chang, Ming Dah Chou, Eugene E. Clothiaux, P. Dubuisson, Boris Fomin, Y. Fouquart, S. Freidenreich, Catherine Gautier, Seiji Kato, Istvan Laszlo, Z. Li, J. H. Mather, Artemio Plana-FattoriV. Ramaswamy, P. Ricchiazzi, Y. Shiren, A. Trishchenko, W. Wiscombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Computation of components of shortwave (SW) or solar irradiance in the surface-atmospheric system forms the basis of intercomparison between 16 radiative transfer models of varying spectral resolution ranging from line-by-line models to broadband and general circulation models. In order of increasing complexity the components are: direct solar irradiance at the surface, diffuse irradiance at the surface, diffuse upward flux at the surface, and diffuse upward flux at the top of the atmosphere. These components allow computation of the atmospheric absorptance. Four cases are considered from pure molecular atmospheres to atmospheres with aerosols and atmosphere with a simple uniform cloud. The molecular and aerosol cases allow comparison of aerosol forcing calculation among models. A cloud-free case with measured atmospheric and aerosol properties and measured shortwave radiation components provides an absolute basis for evaluating the models. For the aerosol-free and cloud-free dry atmospheres, models agree to within 1% (root mean square deviation as a percentage of mean) in broadband direct solar irradiance at surface; the agreement is relatively poor at 5% for a humid atmosphere. A comparison of atmospheric absorptance, computed from components of SW radiation, shows that agreement among models is understandably much worse at 3% and 10% for dry and humid atmospheres, respectively. Inclusion of aerosols generally makes the agreement among models worse than when no aerosols are present, with some exceptions. Modeled diffuse surface irradiance is higher than measurements for all models for the same model inputs. Inclusion of an optically thick low-cloud in a tropical atmosphere, a stringent test for multiple scattering calculations, produces, in general, better agreement among models for a low solar zenith angle (SZA = 30°) than for a high SZA (75°). All models show about a 30% increase in broadband absorptance for 30° SZA relative to the clear-sky case and almost no enhancement in absorptance for a higher SZA of 75°, possibly due to water vapor line saturation in the atmosphere above the cloud.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
Volume110
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2005

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Radiative transfer
radiative transfer
aerosols
Aerosols
atmospheres
atmosphere
absorptance
irradiance
aerosol
solar radiation
shortwave radiation
broadband
code
inclusions
Fluxes
General Circulation Models
aerosol property
Radiation
zenith angle
clear sky

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Halthore, R. N., Crisp, D., Schwartz, S. E., Anderson, G. P., Berk, A., Bonnel, B., ... Wiscombe, W. (2005). Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 110(11), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005293
Halthore, Rangasayi N. ; Crisp, David ; Schwartz, Stephen E. ; Anderson, G. P. ; Berk, A. ; Bonnel, B. ; Boucher, O. ; Chang, Fu Lung ; Chou, Ming Dah ; Clothiaux, Eugene E. ; Dubuisson, P. ; Fomin, Boris ; Fouquart, Y. ; Freidenreich, S. ; Gautier, Catherine ; Kato, Seiji ; Laszlo, Istvan ; Li, Z. ; Mather, J. H. ; Plana-Fattori, Artemio ; Ramaswamy, V. ; Ricchiazzi, P. ; Shiren, Y. ; Trishchenko, A. ; Wiscombe, W. / Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements. In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2005 ; Vol. 110, No. 11. pp. 1-18.
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Halthore, RN, Crisp, D, Schwartz, SE, Anderson, GP, Berk, A, Bonnel, B, Boucher, O, Chang, FL, Chou, MD, Clothiaux, EE, Dubuisson, P, Fomin, B, Fouquart, Y, Freidenreich, S, Gautier, C, Kato, S, Laszlo, I, Li, Z, Mather, JH, Plana-Fattori, A, Ramaswamy, V, Ricchiazzi, P, Shiren, Y, Trishchenko, A & Wiscombe, W 2005, 'Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements', Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005293

Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements. / Halthore, Rangasayi N.; Crisp, David; Schwartz, Stephen E.; Anderson, G. P.; Berk, A.; Bonnel, B.; Boucher, O.; Chang, Fu Lung; Chou, Ming Dah; Clothiaux, Eugene E.; Dubuisson, P.; Fomin, Boris; Fouquart, Y.; Freidenreich, S.; Gautier, Catherine; Kato, Seiji; Laszlo, Istvan; Li, Z.; Mather, J. H.; Plana-Fattori, Artemio; Ramaswamy, V.; Ricchiazzi, P.; Shiren, Y.; Trishchenko, A.; Wiscombe, W.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, Vol. 110, No. 11, 16.06.2005, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements

AU - Halthore, Rangasayi N.

AU - Crisp, David

AU - Schwartz, Stephen E.

AU - Anderson, G. P.

AU - Berk, A.

AU - Bonnel, B.

AU - Boucher, O.

AU - Chang, Fu Lung

AU - Chou, Ming Dah

AU - Clothiaux, Eugene E.

AU - Dubuisson, P.

AU - Fomin, Boris

AU - Fouquart, Y.

AU - Freidenreich, S.

AU - Gautier, Catherine

AU - Kato, Seiji

AU - Laszlo, Istvan

AU - Li, Z.

AU - Mather, J. H.

AU - Plana-Fattori, Artemio

AU - Ramaswamy, V.

AU - Ricchiazzi, P.

AU - Shiren, Y.

AU - Trishchenko, A.

AU - Wiscombe, W.

PY - 2005/6/16

Y1 - 2005/6/16

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AB - Computation of components of shortwave (SW) or solar irradiance in the surface-atmospheric system forms the basis of intercomparison between 16 radiative transfer models of varying spectral resolution ranging from line-by-line models to broadband and general circulation models. In order of increasing complexity the components are: direct solar irradiance at the surface, diffuse irradiance at the surface, diffuse upward flux at the surface, and diffuse upward flux at the top of the atmosphere. These components allow computation of the atmospheric absorptance. Four cases are considered from pure molecular atmospheres to atmospheres with aerosols and atmosphere with a simple uniform cloud. The molecular and aerosol cases allow comparison of aerosol forcing calculation among models. A cloud-free case with measured atmospheric and aerosol properties and measured shortwave radiation components provides an absolute basis for evaluating the models. For the aerosol-free and cloud-free dry atmospheres, models agree to within 1% (root mean square deviation as a percentage of mean) in broadband direct solar irradiance at surface; the agreement is relatively poor at 5% for a humid atmosphere. A comparison of atmospheric absorptance, computed from components of SW radiation, shows that agreement among models is understandably much worse at 3% and 10% for dry and humid atmospheres, respectively. Inclusion of aerosols generally makes the agreement among models worse than when no aerosols are present, with some exceptions. Modeled diffuse surface irradiance is higher than measurements for all models for the same model inputs. Inclusion of an optically thick low-cloud in a tropical atmosphere, a stringent test for multiple scattering calculations, produces, in general, better agreement among models for a low solar zenith angle (SZA = 30°) than for a high SZA (75°). All models show about a 30% increase in broadband absorptance for 30° SZA relative to the clear-sky case and almost no enhancement in absorptance for a higher SZA of 75°, possibly due to water vapor line saturation in the atmosphere above the cloud.

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Halthore RN, Crisp D, Schwartz SE, Anderson GP, Berk A, Bonnel B et al. Intercomparison of shortwave radiative transfer codes and measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 2005 Jun 16;110(11):1-18. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005293