Interconnections between cell wall polymers, wall mechanics, and cortical microtubules

Teasing out causes and consequences

Chaowen Xiao, Charles T. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In plants, cell wall components including cellulose, hemicelluloses, and pectins interact with each other to form complex extracellular network structures that control cell growth and maintain cell shape. However, it is still not clear exactly how different wall polymers interact, how the conformations and interactions of cell wall polymers relate to wall mechanics, and how these factors impinge on intracellular structures such as the cortical microtubule cytoskeleton. Here, based on studies of Arabidopsis thaliana xxt1 xxt2 mutants, which lack detectable xyloglucan in their walls and display aberrant wall mechanics, altered cellulose patterning and biosynthesis, and reduced cortical microtubule stability, we discuss the potential relationships between cell wall biosynthesis, wall mechanics, and cytoskeletal dynamics in an effort to better understand their roles in controlling plant growth and morphogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1215396
JournalPlant signaling & behavior
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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mechanics
microtubules
polymers
cell walls
cellulose
biosynthesis
xyloglucans
cell wall components
cytoskeleton
hemicellulose
pectins
morphogenesis
cell growth
Arabidopsis thaliana
plant growth
mutants
cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

Cite this

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