The effect of surface treatments and fiber sizings on the stress transfer characteristics and composite properties of AS-4 carbon/epoxy materials has been determined. Fiber surface chemistry was systematically varied from acidic to basic with RF glow discharge plasmas of CO2 and NH3 and characterized with ESCA techniques. Sizings applied to some of the treated fibers consisted of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A(DGEBA). Single fiber tension tests were used to measure the interfacial shear strength of samples made with DGEBA/metaphenylene diamine resin. Short beam shear and transverse flexure tests were used to examine the composite properties of modified materials. Results showed that the plasma treatments were effective in altering the surface chemistry of the fiber but that changes in surface chemistry had surprisingly little effect on the critical stress transfer length. Sizing had a more significant effect on the transfer length. The interlaminar shear strength of the composites were unaffected by the treatments. Transverse flexure tests were more sensitive to the changes in surface characteristics. The work indicates that the interface properties of AS-4 fibers are close to optimal but that improvements in composite performance are possible through interphase formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry