This multi-institutional randomized phase II study was designed to compare the efficacy and toxicity of three different weekly paclitaxel (Taxol; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ) and carboplatin schedules in patients with advanced and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. The second part of the trial evaluated the role of maintenance weekly paclitaxel for those with response or stable disease after 16 weeks of initial treatment. Patients in arm 1 received paclitaxel 100 mg/m2/wk for 3 weeks along with carboplatin (area under the curve of 6) on day 1 every 4 weeks. The treatment in arm 2 was the same as in arm 1 except that carboplatin was also administered weekly (area under the curve of 2) for 3 weeks. Patients in arm 3 received paclitaxel 150 mg/m2/wk and carboplatin (area under the curve of 2 per week) during the second 8-week cycle. The total duration of this initial therapy was 16 weeks. All regimens were well tolerated. Arm 1 has the best therapeutic index and will exceed the median survival seen in previous phase III trials with traditional schedules of paclitaxel and carboplatin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes