Interleukin (IL)-15 and -2 share receptor- and signal-transduction pathway (Jak-STAT pathway) components. IL-2 is somnogenic in rats but has not been tested in other species. Furthermore, the effects of IL-15 on sleep have not heretofore been described. We investigated the somnogenic actions of IL-15 in rabbits and compared them with those of IL-2. Three doses of IL-15 or -2 (10, 100, and 500 ng) were injected intracerebroventriculary at the onset of the dark period. In addition, 500 ng of IL-15 and -2 were injected 3 h after the beginning of the light period. IL-15 dose dependently increased non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREMS) and induced fever. IL-15 inhibited rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) after its administration during the light period; however, all doses of IL-15 failed to affect REMS if given at dark onset. IL-2 also dose dependently increased NREMS and fever. IL-2 inhibited REMS, and this effect was observed only in the light period. IL-15 and -2 enhanced electroencephalographic (EEG) slow waves during the initial 9-h postinjection period, then, during hours 10-23 postinjection, reduced EEG slow-wave activity. Current data support the notion that the brain cytokine network is involved in the regulation of sleep.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||3 50-3|
|State||Published - Oct 2 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)