To determine the effects of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on bacterial clearance from the mouse lung, transgenic mice expressing IL-4 in respiratory epithelial cells under the control of the Clara cell secretory protein promoter (CCSP-IL-4 mice) were infected intratracheally with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Survival of CCSP-IL-4 mice following bacterial administration was markedly improved compared with that of control mice. While bacteria proliferated in lungs of wild-type mice, a rapid reduction in the number of bacteria was observed in the IL-4 mice as early as 6 h postinfection. Similarly, intranasal administration of IL-4 enhanced bacterial clearance from the lungs of wild-type mice. While acute and chronic IL-4 increased the numbers of neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, bacterial infection was associated with acute neutrophilic pulmonary infiltration, and this response was similar in the presence or absence of IL-4. Local administration or expression of IL-4 in the mouse lung enhanced pulmonary clearance of P. aeruginosa in vivo and decreased mortality following infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases