Internal carotid artery stenosis measurement: Comparison of 3D computed rotational angiography and conventional digital subtraction angiography

Derek E. Hyde, Allan J. Fox, Irene Gulka, Paul Kalapos, Don H. Lee, David M. Pelz, David W. Holdsworth

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Abstract

Background and Purpose - Clinical trials have shown that carotid endarterectomy reduces stroke risk in symptomatic individuals with severe internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. As a result of these trials, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) became a standard of reference for ICA stenosis diagnosis. Newer 3D techniques provide a larger number of views than DSA, which may influence the estimated degree of stenosis. We evaluate this possibility by directly comparing stenosis grades from 3D computed rotational angiography (CRA) and DSA. Methods - As a prospective diagnostic study, we performed CRA and DSA on 26 consecutive symptomatic patients. Only 1 angiographic procedure was performed on normal asymptomatic arteries, yielding 42 arteries for comparison. Four neuroradiologists graded the CRA maximum intensity projections (MIPs) and DSA images, according to the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial guidelines. CRA studies included a search for the narrowest view by evaluating 60 MIPs generated at 3° intervals and measurement of actual artery diameters. Artery diameters and stenosis grades were analyzed graphically; statistical significance was determined using a paired t test. Results - The mean difference of 1.2% (CI, -18%, 21%) between CRA and DSA stenosis grades was not statistically significant (P=0.55). Agreement of the optimal CRA viewing angle was limited, with an interobserver variability of 24±13°. The interobserver variability of DSA and CRA stenosis grades, 9.1% (CI, 0%, 21%) and 9.4% (CI, 0%, 22%), respectively, was not significantly different (P=0.79). Conclusion - CRA provides stenosis grades equivalent to DSA, as well as absolute measurements, providing a comparison for newer 3D techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2776-2781
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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