International trade: Linking micro and macro

Jonathan Eaton, Samuel Kortum, Sebastian Sotelo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Scopus citations


The field of international trade has advanced in the past decade through a healthy exchange between new observations on firms in export markets and new theories that have introduced producer heterogeneity into trade models. As a result, we now have general equilibrium theories of trade that are consistent with various dimensions of both the aggregate and the firmlevel data. Furthermore, we have a much better sense of the magnitudes of key parameters underlying these theories. This flurry of activity at the firm level has left the core aggregate relationships among trade, factor costs, and welfare largely untouched, however. Although we now have much better microfoundations for aggregate trade models, their predictions aremuch like those of the Armington model – for years a workhorse of quantitative international trade. Arkolakis, Costinot, and Rodríguez-Clare (2012) emphasized this (lack of) implication of the recent literature for aggregate trade. We argue that a primary reason why models of heterogeneous producers deliver so little in the way of modification of how we think about aggregates is the device – initiated in the trade literature by Dornbusch, Fischer, and Samuelson (1977) – of treating the set of products as a continuum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Economics and Econometrics
Subtitle of host publicationTenth World Congress, Volume II: Applied Economics
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages42
ISBN (Electronic)9781139060028
ISBN (Print)9781107016057
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Eaton, J., Kortum, S., & Sotelo, S. (2011). International trade: Linking micro and macro. In Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Tenth World Congress, Volume II: Applied Economics (pp. 329-370). Cambridge University Press.