Interplay between superconductivity and ferromagnetism in crystalline nanowires

Jian Wang, Meenakshi Singh, Mingliang Tian, Nitesh Kumar, Bangzhi Liu, Chuntai Shi, J. K. Jain, Nitin Samarth, T. E. Mallouk, M. H.W. Chan

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Abstract

The interaction between superconductivity and ferromagnetism, which entails incompatible spin order, is one of the problems of fundamental interest in condensed-matter physics. In general, when a ferromagnet is placed in contact with a superconductor, the Cooper pairs from the superconductor are not expected to survive beyond at most a few nanometres into the ferromagnet. Here we present a systematic study of single-crystal ferromagnetic cobalt nanowires sandwiched between superconducting electrodes. Surprisingly, we find that a cobalt wire as long as 600 nm attains zero resistance at low temperatures. For even longer nanowires, the transition to incomplete superconductivity is foreshadowed by a strikingly large and sharp resistance peak near the superconducting transition temperature of the electrodes.Although the origin of the critical peak remains mysterious, our analysis strongly points against charge or spin imbalance as its underlying cause.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalNature Physics
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Wang, J., Singh, M., Tian, M., Kumar, N., Liu, B., Shi, C., ... Chan, M. H. W. (2010). Interplay between superconductivity and ferromagnetism in crystalline nanowires. Nature Physics, 6(5), 389-394. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys1621