Interpretation

David Harris Kaye

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Forensic scientists, examining an object, pattern, or impression, observe and measure physical or chemical features. They then interpret these measurements to assist investigators, lawyers, and judges or juries. Ultimately, the task of the forensic scientist is not to decide what legal investigators, judges, or jurors should believe, but to supply accurate and useful information to these decision makers. This article therefore concerns the task of translating laboratory measurements into statements that will assist legal fact finders in evaluating hypotheses about the events that are relevant in legal disputes. It introduces the likelihood ratio as a measure of the probative value of evidence in its own right and outlines the Bayesian framework for moving from data to beliefs in hypotheses. It examines common interpretive practices from this perspective and in light of the needs of the legal system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Forensic Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages134-138
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780123821652
ISBN (Print)9780123821669
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

interpretation
legal system
lawyer
decision maker
event
evidence
Values

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Kaye, D. H. (2012). Interpretation. In Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 134-138). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382165-2.00023-4
Kaye, David Harris. / Interpretation. Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2012. pp. 134-138
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Kaye, DH 2012, Interpretation. in Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 134-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382165-2.00023-4

Interpretation. / Kaye, David Harris.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2012. p. 134-138.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Kaye DH. Interpretation. In Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2012. p. 134-138 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-382165-2.00023-4