Interpreting the Star Formation-Extinction Relation with MaNGA

Huan Li, Stijn Wuyts, Hao Lei, Lin Lin, Man I. Lam, Médéric Boquien, Brett H. Andrews, Donald P. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We investigate the resolved relation between local extinction and star formation surface density within nearby star-forming galaxies selected from the MaNGA survey. Balmer decrement measurements imply an extinction of the Hα line emission that scales approximately linearly with the logarithm of the star formation surface density: . Secondary dependencies are observed such that, at a given Σ SFR , regions of lower metallicity and/or enhanced Hα equivalent width (EW) suffer less obscuration than regions of higher metallicity and/or lower Hα EW. Spaxels lying above the mean relation also tend to belong to galaxies that are more massive, larger, and viewed under higher inclination than average. We present a simple model in which the observed trends can be accounted for by a metallicity-dependent scaling between Σ SFR and Σ dust via a superlinear Kennicutt-Schmidt relation (n KS ∼ 1.47) and a dust-to-gas ratio that scales linearly with metallicity (DGR(Z o ) = 0.01). The relation between the resulting total dust column and observed effective extinction toward nebular regions requires a geometry for the relative distribution of Hα-emitting regions and dust that deviates from a uniform foreground screen and also from an entirely homogeneous mixture of dust and emitting sources. The best-fit model features an Hα EW and galactocentric-distance-dependent fraction of the dust mass in a clumpy foreground screen in front of a homogeneous mixture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number63
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume872
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2019

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star formation
extinction
dust
metallicity
scale (ratio)
galaxies
H lines
local extinction
occultation
logarithms
inclination
trends
scaling
geometry
stars
gases
gas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Li, Huan ; Wuyts, Stijn ; Lei, Hao ; Lin, Lin ; Lam, Man I. ; Boquien, Médéric ; Andrews, Brett H. ; Schneider, Donald P. / Interpreting the Star Formation-Extinction Relation with MaNGA. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 872, No. 1.
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abstract = "We investigate the resolved relation between local extinction and star formation surface density within nearby star-forming galaxies selected from the MaNGA survey. Balmer decrement measurements imply an extinction of the Hα line emission that scales approximately linearly with the logarithm of the star formation surface density: . Secondary dependencies are observed such that, at a given Σ SFR , regions of lower metallicity and/or enhanced Hα equivalent width (EW) suffer less obscuration than regions of higher metallicity and/or lower Hα EW. Spaxels lying above the mean relation also tend to belong to galaxies that are more massive, larger, and viewed under higher inclination than average. We present a simple model in which the observed trends can be accounted for by a metallicity-dependent scaling between Σ SFR and Σ dust via a superlinear Kennicutt-Schmidt relation (n KS ∼ 1.47) and a dust-to-gas ratio that scales linearly with metallicity (DGR(Z o ) = 0.01). The relation between the resulting total dust column and observed effective extinction toward nebular regions requires a geometry for the relative distribution of Hα-emitting regions and dust that deviates from a uniform foreground screen and also from an entirely homogeneous mixture of dust and emitting sources. The best-fit model features an Hα EW and galactocentric-distance-dependent fraction of the dust mass in a clumpy foreground screen in front of a homogeneous mixture.",
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Li, H, Wuyts, S, Lei, H, Lin, L, Lam, MI, Boquien, M, Andrews, BH & Schneider, DP 2019, 'Interpreting the Star Formation-Extinction Relation with MaNGA', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 872, no. 1, 63. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aafb6e

Interpreting the Star Formation-Extinction Relation with MaNGA. / Li, Huan; Wuyts, Stijn; Lei, Hao; Lin, Lin; Lam, Man I.; Boquien, Médéric; Andrews, Brett H.; Schneider, Donald P.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 872, No. 1, 63, 10.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Interpreting the Star Formation-Extinction Relation with MaNGA

AU - Li, Huan

AU - Wuyts, Stijn

AU - Lei, Hao

AU - Lin, Lin

AU - Lam, Man I.

AU - Boquien, Médéric

AU - Andrews, Brett H.

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

PY - 2019/2/10

Y1 - 2019/2/10

N2 - We investigate the resolved relation between local extinction and star formation surface density within nearby star-forming galaxies selected from the MaNGA survey. Balmer decrement measurements imply an extinction of the Hα line emission that scales approximately linearly with the logarithm of the star formation surface density: . Secondary dependencies are observed such that, at a given Σ SFR , regions of lower metallicity and/or enhanced Hα equivalent width (EW) suffer less obscuration than regions of higher metallicity and/or lower Hα EW. Spaxels lying above the mean relation also tend to belong to galaxies that are more massive, larger, and viewed under higher inclination than average. We present a simple model in which the observed trends can be accounted for by a metallicity-dependent scaling between Σ SFR and Σ dust via a superlinear Kennicutt-Schmidt relation (n KS ∼ 1.47) and a dust-to-gas ratio that scales linearly with metallicity (DGR(Z o ) = 0.01). The relation between the resulting total dust column and observed effective extinction toward nebular regions requires a geometry for the relative distribution of Hα-emitting regions and dust that deviates from a uniform foreground screen and also from an entirely homogeneous mixture of dust and emitting sources. The best-fit model features an Hα EW and galactocentric-distance-dependent fraction of the dust mass in a clumpy foreground screen in front of a homogeneous mixture.

AB - We investigate the resolved relation between local extinction and star formation surface density within nearby star-forming galaxies selected from the MaNGA survey. Balmer decrement measurements imply an extinction of the Hα line emission that scales approximately linearly with the logarithm of the star formation surface density: . Secondary dependencies are observed such that, at a given Σ SFR , regions of lower metallicity and/or enhanced Hα equivalent width (EW) suffer less obscuration than regions of higher metallicity and/or lower Hα EW. Spaxels lying above the mean relation also tend to belong to galaxies that are more massive, larger, and viewed under higher inclination than average. We present a simple model in which the observed trends can be accounted for by a metallicity-dependent scaling between Σ SFR and Σ dust via a superlinear Kennicutt-Schmidt relation (n KS ∼ 1.47) and a dust-to-gas ratio that scales linearly with metallicity (DGR(Z o ) = 0.01). The relation between the resulting total dust column and observed effective extinction toward nebular regions requires a geometry for the relative distribution of Hα-emitting regions and dust that deviates from a uniform foreground screen and also from an entirely homogeneous mixture of dust and emitting sources. The best-fit model features an Hα EW and galactocentric-distance-dependent fraction of the dust mass in a clumpy foreground screen in front of a homogeneous mixture.

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Li H, Wuyts S, Lei H, Lin L, Lam MI, Boquien M et al. Interpreting the Star Formation-Extinction Relation with MaNGA. Astrophysical Journal. 2019 Feb 10;872(1). 63. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aafb6e