Interpreting traffic dynamics using ubiquitous urban data

Fei Wu, Hongjian Wang, Zhenhui Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given a large collection of urban datasets, how can we find their hidden correlations? For example, New York City (NYC) provides open access to taxi data from year 2012 to 2015 with about half million taxi trips generated per day. In the meantime, we have a rich set of urban data in NYC including points-of-interest (POIs), geo-tagged tweets, weather, vehicle collisions, etc. Is it possible that these ubiquitous datasets can be used to explain the city traffic? Understanding the hidden correlation between external data and traffic data would allow us to answer many important questions in urban computing such as: If we observe a high traffic volume at Madison Square Garden (MSG) in NYC, is it because of the regular peak hour or a big event being held at MSG? If a disaster weather such as a hurricane or a snow storm hits the city, how would the traffic be affected? Most of existing studies on traffic dynamics focus only on traffic data itself and do not seek for external datasets to explain traffic. In this paper, we present our results in attempts to understand taxi traffic dynamics in NYC from multiple external data sources. We use four real-world ubiquitous urban datasets, including POIs, weather, geo-tagged tweets, and collision records. To address the heterogeneity of ubiquitous urban data, we present carefully-designed feature representations for these datasets. Our analysis suggests that POIs can well describe the regular traffic patterns. In addition, geo-tagged tweets can be used to explain irregular traffic caused by big events, and weather may account for abnormal traffic drops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication24th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2016
EditorsMatthias Renz, Mohamed Ali, Shawn Newsam, Matthias Renz, Siva Ravada, Goce Trajcevski
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450345897
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2016
Event24th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2016 - Burlingame, United States
Duration: Oct 31 2016Nov 3 2016

Publication series

NameGIS: Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems

Other

Other24th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2016
CountryUnited States
CityBurlingame
Period10/31/1611/3/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Information Systems

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  • Cite this

    Wu, F., Wang, H., & Li, Z. (2016). Interpreting traffic dynamics using ubiquitous urban data. In M. Renz, M. Ali, S. Newsam, M. Renz, S. Ravada, & G. Trajcevski (Eds.), 24th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2016 [69] (GIS: Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/2996913.2996962