Interstitial K+ concentration in active muscle after myocardial infarction

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Abstract

Previous work demonstrated that Na+-K+ pump activity within skeletal muscle is attenuated in myocardial infarction (MI). This may lead to enhanced interstitial K+ concentration ([K+] o) in the muscle. We tested the hypothesis that [K+] o rises with muscle contraction and that, in rats with MI, the rate of rise in [K+]o is greater than it is in control animals. Microdialysis probes were inserted in the skeletal muscle of six healthy control and six MI rats. The ends of the probes were then attached to the K + electrodes, and [K+]o was continuously measured. Muscle contraction was induced by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerves for 1 min. Stimulation at 1 and 3 Hz increased muscle [K +]o by 14.2% and 44.7% in controls and by 22.9% and 62.8% in MI rats (P < 0.05 vs. controls), respectively. When ouabain, an inhibitor of Na+-K+ pump, was added to the perfusate, muscle [K +]o rose significantly. This effect of ouabain was significantly attenuated in MI animals. In conclusion, when compared with that in control animals, an increase of [K+]o in exercising muscle is augmented in MI rats, likely due to an attenuation of Na +-K+ pump activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume292
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

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Myocardial Infarction
Muscles
Ouabain
Muscle Contraction
Skeletal Muscle
Microdialysis
Sciatic Nerve
Electric Stimulation
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Interstitial K+ concentration in active muscle after myocardial infarction",
abstract = "Previous work demonstrated that Na+-K+ pump activity within skeletal muscle is attenuated in myocardial infarction (MI). This may lead to enhanced interstitial K+ concentration ([K+] o) in the muscle. We tested the hypothesis that [K+] o rises with muscle contraction and that, in rats with MI, the rate of rise in [K+]o is greater than it is in control animals. Microdialysis probes were inserted in the skeletal muscle of six healthy control and six MI rats. The ends of the probes were then attached to the K + electrodes, and [K+]o was continuously measured. Muscle contraction was induced by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerves for 1 min. Stimulation at 1 and 3 Hz increased muscle [K +]o by 14.2{\%} and 44.7{\%} in controls and by 22.9{\%} and 62.8{\%} in MI rats (P < 0.05 vs. controls), respectively. When ouabain, an inhibitor of Na+-K+ pump, was added to the perfusate, muscle [K +]o rose significantly. This effect of ouabain was significantly attenuated in MI animals. In conclusion, when compared with that in control animals, an increase of [K+]o in exercising muscle is augmented in MI rats, likely due to an attenuation of Na +-K+ pump activity.",
author = "Jianhua Li and Zhaohui Gao and Valerie Kehoe and Lawrence Sinoway",
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AU - Gao, Zhaohui

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AU - Sinoway, Lawrence

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AB - Previous work demonstrated that Na+-K+ pump activity within skeletal muscle is attenuated in myocardial infarction (MI). This may lead to enhanced interstitial K+ concentration ([K+] o) in the muscle. We tested the hypothesis that [K+] o rises with muscle contraction and that, in rats with MI, the rate of rise in [K+]o is greater than it is in control animals. Microdialysis probes were inserted in the skeletal muscle of six healthy control and six MI rats. The ends of the probes were then attached to the K + electrodes, and [K+]o was continuously measured. Muscle contraction was induced by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerves for 1 min. Stimulation at 1 and 3 Hz increased muscle [K +]o by 14.2% and 44.7% in controls and by 22.9% and 62.8% in MI rats (P < 0.05 vs. controls), respectively. When ouabain, an inhibitor of Na+-K+ pump, was added to the perfusate, muscle [K +]o rose significantly. This effect of ouabain was significantly attenuated in MI animals. In conclusion, when compared with that in control animals, an increase of [K+]o in exercising muscle is augmented in MI rats, likely due to an attenuation of Na +-K+ pump activity.

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