Intersubunit and domain interactions of the meprin B metalloproteinase: Disulfide bonds and protein-protein interactions in the MAM and TRAF domains

Faoud T. Ishmael, Vincent K. Shier, Susan S. Ishmael, Judith S. Bond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Meprins, multimeric metalloproteases expressed in kidney and intestinal epithelial cells as well as in certain leukocytes and cancer cells, have the ability to hydrolyze a variety of growth factors, vasoactive peptides, cytokines, and extracellular matrix proteins. The meprin B isoform exists primarily as a cell-surface homooligomer composed of disulfide-linked, multidomain β-subunits. To gain insight into how the tertiary and quaternary structure of meprin B affects function, the disulfide-bonding pattern and sites of domain-domain interactions were investigated using sedimentation equilibrium ultracentrifugation, cross-linking, and mass spectrometry techniques. Three symmetrical intersubunit disulfide bonds were identified in the non-catalytic interaction domains; two in the MAM (meprin, A-5 protein, protein-tyrosine phosphatase μ) domain and one in the TRAF (tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor) domain. These disulfide bridges are unique for the known homophilic interactions of these domains. Mutation of any of the intersubunit cysteine residues resulted in the inability of meprin B to form disulfide-linked dimers. The four cysteines of the protease domain formed intradomain disulfide bonds. The MAM domain also had one intradomain disulfide bond and one free cysteine. Cross-linking studies of the meprin B dimer with the amine-reactive cross-linker disuccinimidyl suberate revealed inter- and intradomain contacts within the protein, including prosequence-prosequence, protease-TRAF, protease-epidermal growth factor, and TRAF-TRAF interactions. From these observations, a model of the meprin B dimer structure is proposed that provides insight into the relationship between structure and function of this isoform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13895-13901
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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