The objective of this clinical study was to quantify the incidence and magnitude of intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) inflation and deflation landmark discrepancies associated with the IABP catheter arterial pressure waveform. Cardiac surgery patients with an IABP inserted prior to surgery were recruited. Following cardiac exposure, a high-fidelity pressure catheter was inserted into the aortic root for digital recording. The radial artery pressure signal was simultaneously recorded from the patient monitor along with the arterial pressure and electrocardiogram waveforms from the IABP console while operating at 1:1 and 1:2 synchronization. In selected patients, recordings were obtained with the IABP timed to the high-fidelity aortic root waveform. In all 11 patients, inflation and deflation landmark delays were observed when comparing the aortic root waveforms to the IABP arterial pressure waveforms (inflation delay=74±29 [23-117] ms; deflation delay=71±37 [24-141] ms, mean±standard deviation [min-max]). Delays were greater when compared to the radial artery waveform (inflation delay=175±50 [100-233] ms; deflation delay=168±52 [100-274] ms). In all cases, the landmark delays were statistically different from zero (P<0.001). Diastolic augmentation and afterload reduction varied with waveform source. Conflicting indications of afterload reduction occurred in four patients. Timing to the aortic root waveform resulted in greater diastolic pressure augmentation and afterload reduction but mixed changes in stroke volume. Delay and distortion of the arterial waveform was consistently found when measured through the IABP catheter lumen. These delays can alter IABP efficacy and may be eliminated by using high-fidelity sensing of aortic pressure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering