Introduction: While radical nephroureterectomy remains the gold-standard for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), there is a growing push for organ-sparing therapy in low-risk disease. Herein we review the use of intracavitary topical therapy for treatment of UTUC. Areas covered: A PubMed search was performed for studies pertaining to upper tract urothelial carcinoma, with 236 articles reviewed, and distilled for content pertinent to intracavitary therapy for UTUC. Topics discussed include agents used for management of UTUC, most commonly BCG, as well as techniques for administration. Additionally, we review the evidence for curative treatment for Cis versus adjuvant therapy for Ta/T1 disease. Finally, we discuss emerging technologies to improve agent delivery and efficacy in the upper tract. Expert commentary: No significant advances have occurred in topical management of UTUC in the past 2 decades. However, advances in diagnostic techniques such as modern ureteroscopes, and improved diagnostic imaging at the time of ureteroscopy may help improve our patient selection. Additional advances in topical therapy focused on increasing the duration of contact between agent delivered and the upper tract urothelium offer hope that a new leap forward in topical therapy is on the horizon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)