Intracranial renin alters gustatory neural responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats

R. Tamura, Ralph Norgren

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activation of the renin-angiotensin system in the brain is considered important in the arousal and expression of sodium appetite. To clarify the effects of directly activating this hormonal cascade, taste neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats were tested with a battery of sapid stimuli after intracerebroventricular injection of renin or its vehicle. The rats were chronically prepared but lightly anesthetized during the recording procedure. Eighty-five taste neurons were tested: 46 after renin injections and 39 after vehicle. Neural activity was counted for 5.0-s periods without stimulation (spontaneous) and during stimulation with water and sapid chemicals. The averaged responses to each of the standard stimuli (0.1 M NaCl, 0.3 M sucrose, 0.01 M citric acid, and 0.01 M quinine hydrochloride) did not differ significantly between the two conditions. When the rats were tested with a concentration range of NaCl, however, after renin the average responses to the hypertonic 0.3 and 1.0 M stimuli were reduced to 74 and 70%, respectively, compared with those after vehicle injections. A similar tendency was evident for the subsample of neurons that responded best to NaCl, but the effect was smaller. These data are consistent with, but not as dramatic as, those reported after dietary-induced sodium appetite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume284
Issue number4 53-4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

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Solitary Nucleus
Renin
Appetite
Neurons
Injections
Dietary Sodium
Quinine
Renin-Angiotensin System
Arousal
Citric Acid
Sucrose
Sodium
Water
Brain

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Intracranial renin alters gustatory neural responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats",
abstract = "Activation of the renin-angiotensin system in the brain is considered important in the arousal and expression of sodium appetite. To clarify the effects of directly activating this hormonal cascade, taste neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats were tested with a battery of sapid stimuli after intracerebroventricular injection of renin or its vehicle. The rats were chronically prepared but lightly anesthetized during the recording procedure. Eighty-five taste neurons were tested: 46 after renin injections and 39 after vehicle. Neural activity was counted for 5.0-s periods without stimulation (spontaneous) and during stimulation with water and sapid chemicals. The averaged responses to each of the standard stimuli (0.1 M NaCl, 0.3 M sucrose, 0.01 M citric acid, and 0.01 M quinine hydrochloride) did not differ significantly between the two conditions. When the rats were tested with a concentration range of NaCl, however, after renin the average responses to the hypertonic 0.3 and 1.0 M stimuli were reduced to 74 and 70{\%}, respectively, compared with those after vehicle injections. A similar tendency was evident for the subsample of neurons that responded best to NaCl, but the effect was smaller. These data are consistent with, but not as dramatic as, those reported after dietary-induced sodium appetite.",
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N2 - Activation of the renin-angiotensin system in the brain is considered important in the arousal and expression of sodium appetite. To clarify the effects of directly activating this hormonal cascade, taste neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats were tested with a battery of sapid stimuli after intracerebroventricular injection of renin or its vehicle. The rats were chronically prepared but lightly anesthetized during the recording procedure. Eighty-five taste neurons were tested: 46 after renin injections and 39 after vehicle. Neural activity was counted for 5.0-s periods without stimulation (spontaneous) and during stimulation with water and sapid chemicals. The averaged responses to each of the standard stimuli (0.1 M NaCl, 0.3 M sucrose, 0.01 M citric acid, and 0.01 M quinine hydrochloride) did not differ significantly between the two conditions. When the rats were tested with a concentration range of NaCl, however, after renin the average responses to the hypertonic 0.3 and 1.0 M stimuli were reduced to 74 and 70%, respectively, compared with those after vehicle injections. A similar tendency was evident for the subsample of neurons that responded best to NaCl, but the effect was smaller. These data are consistent with, but not as dramatic as, those reported after dietary-induced sodium appetite.

AB - Activation of the renin-angiotensin system in the brain is considered important in the arousal and expression of sodium appetite. To clarify the effects of directly activating this hormonal cascade, taste neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rats were tested with a battery of sapid stimuli after intracerebroventricular injection of renin or its vehicle. The rats were chronically prepared but lightly anesthetized during the recording procedure. Eighty-five taste neurons were tested: 46 after renin injections and 39 after vehicle. Neural activity was counted for 5.0-s periods without stimulation (spontaneous) and during stimulation with water and sapid chemicals. The averaged responses to each of the standard stimuli (0.1 M NaCl, 0.3 M sucrose, 0.01 M citric acid, and 0.01 M quinine hydrochloride) did not differ significantly between the two conditions. When the rats were tested with a concentration range of NaCl, however, after renin the average responses to the hypertonic 0.3 and 1.0 M stimuli were reduced to 74 and 70%, respectively, compared with those after vehicle injections. A similar tendency was evident for the subsample of neurons that responded best to NaCl, but the effect was smaller. These data are consistent with, but not as dramatic as, those reported after dietary-induced sodium appetite.

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