Intraoperative bleeding during vitrectomy for diabetic tractional retinal detachment with versus without preoperative intravitreal bevacizumab (IBeTra study)

D. R. Da Lucena, J. A.S. Ribeiro, R. A. Costa, J. C. Barbosa, Ingrid Scott, L. L. De Figueiredo-Pontes, R. Jorge

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Abstract

Aims: To compare the amount of intraoperative intraocular bleeding in patients with diabetes with macula-involving tractional retinal detachment (TRD) undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with and without preoperative intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection. Methods: An institutional study was carried out with consecutive patients with diabetic retinopathy and macula-involving TRD of recent (3 months) onset who were randomly assigned to PPV only (PPV group) or PPV combined with one IVB (1.5 mg/0.06 ml) injection 2 weeks prior to surgery (bevacizumab (BEV)/PPV group). All patients underwent 23-gauge PPV 3 weeks after baseline. The main outcome measure was erythrocyte count in the fluid retrieved from the vitrectomy cassette using a Neubauer counting chamber. Results: The study included 20 patients. The mean erythrocyte count was 14 865 x103 (SD 19 332 x103; median 4500 x103) cells in the BEV/PPV group, and 176 240 x103 (SD 108 3 7 5 x103; median 166 600 x103) cells in the PPV group. The mean erythrocyte count was significantly lower in the BEV/PPV group than in the PPV group (p > 0.0001). No major adverse events were identified. Conclusion: Preoperative IVB injection was associated with reduced intraocular bleeding during 23-gauge PPV for diabetic macula-involving TRD. Further studies are needed to confirm our preliminary findings. Trial registration number: NCT00690768.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)688-691
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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