Intrinsic instability of thin liquid films on nanostructured surfaces

Liyong Sun, H. Hu, A. A. Rokoni, Y. Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The instability of a thin liquid film on nanostructures is not well understood but is important in liquid-vapor two-phase heat transfer (e.g., thin film evaporation and boiling), lubrication, and nanomanufacturing. In thin film evaporation, the comparison between the non-evaporating film thickness and the critical film breakup thickness determines the stability of the film: the film becomes unstable when the critical film breakup thickness is larger than the non-evaporating film thickness. In this study, a closed-form model is developed to predict the critical breakup thickness of a thin liquid film on 2D periodic nanostructures based on the minimization of system free energy in the limit of a liquid monolayer. Molecular dynamics simulations are performed for water thin films on square nanostructures of varying depth and wettability, and the simulations agree with the model predictions. The results show that the critical film breakup thickness increases with the nanostructure depth and the surface wettability. The model developed here enables the prediction of the minimum film thickness for a stable thin film evaporation on a given nanostructure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111601
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2016

Fingerprint

liquids
film thickness
evaporation
thin films
wettability
lubrication
predictions
boiling
simulation
heat transfer
free energy
vapors
molecular dynamics
optimization
water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Sun, Liyong ; Hu, H. ; Rokoni, A. A. ; Sun, Y. / Intrinsic instability of thin liquid films on nanostructured surfaces. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 109, No. 11.
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Intrinsic instability of thin liquid films on nanostructured surfaces. / Sun, Liyong; Hu, H.; Rokoni, A. A.; Sun, Y.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 109, No. 11, 111601, 12.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The instability of a thin liquid film on nanostructures is not well understood but is important in liquid-vapor two-phase heat transfer (e.g., thin film evaporation and boiling), lubrication, and nanomanufacturing. In thin film evaporation, the comparison between the non-evaporating film thickness and the critical film breakup thickness determines the stability of the film: the film becomes unstable when the critical film breakup thickness is larger than the non-evaporating film thickness. In this study, a closed-form model is developed to predict the critical breakup thickness of a thin liquid film on 2D periodic nanostructures based on the minimization of system free energy in the limit of a liquid monolayer. Molecular dynamics simulations are performed for water thin films on square nanostructures of varying depth and wettability, and the simulations agree with the model predictions. The results show that the critical film breakup thickness increases with the nanostructure depth and the surface wettability. The model developed here enables the prediction of the minimum film thickness for a stable thin film evaporation on a given nanostructure.

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