Introduction

David Orden, Tim Josling, David Blandford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

One of the more innovative achievements associated with the conclusion of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in 1994 was the introduction of a multilateral architecture of rules and commitments disciplining domestic support measures for agriculture. These rules are contained in the Agreement on Agriculture, one of a number of agreements attached to the Marrakesh Treaty that established the World Trade Organization (WTO). As stated in the preamble, to achieve the long-term objective of establishing “a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system” the WTO members sought “to provide for substantial progressive reductions in agricultural support and protection sustained over an agreed period of time, resulting in correcting and preventing restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets.” The rules and commitments on domestic support are particularly important in this context because of the market-distorting effects of many of the policy measures countries have enacted. In addition, without constraints on domestic support it is hard to envision success in multilateral negotiations to reduce agricultural tariffs, as some countries provide support for their farmers primarily through domestic measures while others rely more heavily on border protection.Further discussions were initiated in 2000 under a clause of the Agreement on Agriculture that committed the members to continued negotiations on lowering support and protection. When a full new round of trade negotiations – the Doha Round – was launched in 2001, the agricultural negotiations were incorporated into it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support
Subtitle of host publicationSeeking a Fair Basis for Trade
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages3-22
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9780511794179
ISBN (Print)9781107005440
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

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    Orden, D., Josling, T., & Blandford, D. (2011). Introduction. In WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support: Seeking a Fair Basis for Trade (pp. 3-22). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511794179.002