Introduction and Literature Review of the Application of Machine Learning/Deep Learning to Load Forecasting in Power System

Arash Moradzadeh, Amin Mansour-Saatloo, Morteza Nazari-Heris, Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo, Somayeh Asadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Nowadays, the increment of energy demand in the world as well as the development of smart grids and the combination of different types of energy systems have led to the complexity of power systems. On the other hand, ever-expanding energy consumption, development of industry and technology systems, and high penetration of renewable energies have made electricity networks operating in more complex and uncertain conditions. Also, consumers and especially users of sensitive load tend to have access to a reliable and sustainable power supply. Therefore, power producers need a variety of long- and short-term planning methodologies for attaining to sustainable investment, production, and operation. Analysis of traditional power and energy systems requires physical modeling and extensive numerical computation. To analyze the behavior of these systems, advanced metering, and condition monitoring devices and systems are utilized, which generate a huge amount of data. Evaluation of these data is approximately impossible by conventional or numerical methods, and it requires powerful data mining procedures. Regression, classification, and clustering applications of machine learning and deep learning methods are powerful tools to use for dealing with such issues. These procedures can be utilized for load/demand forecasting, renewable energy generation forecasting, demand response evaluation, and power system analysis. Understanding the problem and functioning of each learning methods is, therefore, one of the most important issues in the application of such approaches to solve power system problems. Accordingly, in this chapter, the authors will introduce and discuss selected applications of machine learning and deep learning based on their learning, structure, mode of operation, and application in the load forecasting of power systems. Literature review on machine learning and deep learning applications in load forecasting will be presented in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPower Systems
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages17
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamePower Systems
ISSN (Print)1612-1287
ISSN (Electronic)1860-4676

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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