Introduction: The worldwide triumph of the research university and globalizing science

Justin J.W. Powell, Frank Fernandez, John T. Crist, Jennifer Dusdal, Liang Zhang, David P. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose - This chapter provides an overview of the findings and chapters of a thematic volume in the International Perspectives on Education and Society (IPES) series. It describes the common dataset and methods used by an international research team. Design/methodology/approach - The chapter synthesizes the results of a series of country-level case studies and cross-national and regional comparisons on the growth of scientific research from 1900 until 2011. Additionally, the chapter provides a quantitative analysis of global trends in scientific, peer-reviewed publishing over the same period. Findings - The introduction identifies common themes that emerged across the case studies examined in-depth during the multi-year research project Science Productivity, Higher Education, Research and Development and the Knowledge Society (SPHERE). First, universities have long been and are increasingly the primary organizations in science production around the globe. Second, the chapters describe in-country and cross-country patterns of competition and collaboration in scientific publications. Third, the chapters describe the national policy environments and institutionalized organizational forms that foster scientific research. Originality/value - The introduction reviews selected findings and limitations of previous bibliometric studies and explains that the chapters in the volume address these limitations by applying neo-institutional theoretical frameworks to analyze bibliometric data over an extensive period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalInternational Perspectives on Education and Society
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

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