Invasion of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) into the United States: Developing a National Response to an Invasive Species Crisis through Collaborative Research and Outreach Efforts

Dalton Ludwick, William R. Morrison, Angelita L. Acebes-Doria, Arthur M. Agnello, J. Christopher Bergh, Matthew L. Buffington, George C. Hamilton, Jayson K. Harper, Kim A. Hoelmer, Grzegorz Krawczyk, Thomas P. Kuhar, Douglas G. Pfeiffer, Anne L. Nielsen, Kevin B. Rice, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Peter W. Shearer, Paula M. Shrewsbury, Elijah J. Talamas, James F. Walgenbach, Nik G. WimanTracy C. Leskey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Halyomorpha halys (Stål), the brown marmorated stink bug, is a globally invasive stink bug species. Its first major outbreak was in the United States, where it has caused millions of dollars in damage, threatened livelihoods of specialty crop growers and impacted row crop growers, and become an extreme nuisance pest in and around dwellings. The BMSB IPM Working Group, funded by the Northeastern IPM Center, was central to providing a mechanism to form a multidisciplinary team and develop initial and subsequent research, Extension, regulatory and consumer priorities. Ultimately, a project team consisting of over 50 scientists from 11 institutions in 10 states obtained the largest ever USDA-NIFA Specialty Crop Research Initiative CAP grant, totaling over $10.7 million, to tackle this crisis over a 5-yr period (2011-2016). Researchers and Extension educators integrated stakeholder feedback throughout the course of the project, and priorities evolved according to needs of affected growers and public stakeholders. Initially, the team focused on identification of H. halys, its damage symptoms and crop-specific risks, and short-term mitigation strategies for crop protection. Subsequently, work focused on its biology, ecology, and behavior leading to the development of potential longer-term IPM tactics and landscape level management solutions, including biological control. This work continues under a second SCRI CAP grant (2016-2021). The information from the initial team reached an estimated 22,000 specialty crop stakeholder contacts via Extension efforts, and over 600 million people via mainstream media. We highlight the main lessons learned from coordinating a national response to the threat posed by H. halys to agriculture in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
JournalJournal of Integrated Pest Management
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Insect Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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