Investigation of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple using green fluorescent protein: High transient expression and low stable transformation suggest that factors other than T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting

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Abstract

To investigate early events of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple cultivars, a synthetic green fluorescent protein gene (SGFP) was used as a highly sensitive, vital reporter gene. Leaf explants from four apple cultivars ('Delicious', 'Golden Delicious', 'Royal Gala' and 'Greensleeves') were infected with Agrobacterium EHA101 harboring plasmid pDM96.0501. Fluorescence microscopy indicated that SGFP expression was first detected 48 h after infection and quantitative analysis revealed a high T-DNA transfer rate. Plant cells with stably incorporated T-DNA exhibited cell division and developed transgenic calli, followed by formation of transgenic shoots at low frequencies. The detection of SGFP expression with an epifluorescence stereomicroscope confirmed the effectiveness of SGFP as a reporter gene for detection of very early transformation events and for screening of putative transformants. The efficiency of the transformation and regeneration process decreased ca. 10 000-fold from Agrobacterium infection to transgenic shoot regeneration, suggesting that factors other than Agrobacterium interaction and T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting steps in Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-559
Number of pages11
JournalPlant molecular biology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1998

Fingerprint

transfer DNA
Agrobacterium
Malus
Green Fluorescent Proteins
green fluorescent protein
apples
genetically modified organisms
Reporter Genes
reporter genes
Regeneration
Gene Expression
synthetic populations
gene expression
shoots
Bony Callus
Plant Cells
Infection
fluorescence microscopy
Fluorescence Microscopy
infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Investigation of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple using green fluorescent protein: High transient expression and low stable transformation suggest that factors other than T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting",
abstract = "To investigate early events of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple cultivars, a synthetic green fluorescent protein gene (SGFP) was used as a highly sensitive, vital reporter gene. Leaf explants from four apple cultivars ('Delicious', 'Golden Delicious', 'Royal Gala' and 'Greensleeves') were infected with Agrobacterium EHA101 harboring plasmid pDM96.0501. Fluorescence microscopy indicated that SGFP expression was first detected 48 h after infection and quantitative analysis revealed a high T-DNA transfer rate. Plant cells with stably incorporated T-DNA exhibited cell division and developed transgenic calli, followed by formation of transgenic shoots at low frequencies. The detection of SGFP expression with an epifluorescence stereomicroscope confirmed the effectiveness of SGFP as a reporter gene for detection of very early transformation events and for screening of putative transformants. The efficiency of the transformation and regeneration process decreased ca. 10 000-fold from Agrobacterium infection to transgenic shoot regeneration, suggesting that factors other than Agrobacterium interaction and T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting steps in Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple.",
author = "Maximova, {Siela N.} and Dandekar, {Abhaya M.} and Guiltinan, {Mark J.}",
year = "1998",
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language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Plant Molecular Biology",
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T2 - High transient expression and low stable transformation suggest that factors other than T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting

AU - Maximova, Siela N.

AU - Dandekar, Abhaya M.

AU - Guiltinan, Mark J.

PY - 1998/6/1

Y1 - 1998/6/1

N2 - To investigate early events of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple cultivars, a synthetic green fluorescent protein gene (SGFP) was used as a highly sensitive, vital reporter gene. Leaf explants from four apple cultivars ('Delicious', 'Golden Delicious', 'Royal Gala' and 'Greensleeves') were infected with Agrobacterium EHA101 harboring plasmid pDM96.0501. Fluorescence microscopy indicated that SGFP expression was first detected 48 h after infection and quantitative analysis revealed a high T-DNA transfer rate. Plant cells with stably incorporated T-DNA exhibited cell division and developed transgenic calli, followed by formation of transgenic shoots at low frequencies. The detection of SGFP expression with an epifluorescence stereomicroscope confirmed the effectiveness of SGFP as a reporter gene for detection of very early transformation events and for screening of putative transformants. The efficiency of the transformation and regeneration process decreased ca. 10 000-fold from Agrobacterium infection to transgenic shoot regeneration, suggesting that factors other than Agrobacterium interaction and T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting steps in Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple.

AB - To investigate early events of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple cultivars, a synthetic green fluorescent protein gene (SGFP) was used as a highly sensitive, vital reporter gene. Leaf explants from four apple cultivars ('Delicious', 'Golden Delicious', 'Royal Gala' and 'Greensleeves') were infected with Agrobacterium EHA101 harboring plasmid pDM96.0501. Fluorescence microscopy indicated that SGFP expression was first detected 48 h after infection and quantitative analysis revealed a high T-DNA transfer rate. Plant cells with stably incorporated T-DNA exhibited cell division and developed transgenic calli, followed by formation of transgenic shoots at low frequencies. The detection of SGFP expression with an epifluorescence stereomicroscope confirmed the effectiveness of SGFP as a reporter gene for detection of very early transformation events and for screening of putative transformants. The efficiency of the transformation and regeneration process decreased ca. 10 000-fold from Agrobacterium infection to transgenic shoot regeneration, suggesting that factors other than Agrobacterium interaction and T-DNA transfer are rate-limiting steps in Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of apple.

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